B bábi, Tibor

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Bartha, Antal (Anthony) (Budapest, 3 April 1927 - Budapest, 13 December 1999) – Historian. As an orphan he lived and studied at the high school of a Reformed College. In 1946 he was sent to study at Oxford University, England. During 1947 he studied at the University of Budapest, and in 1948-1949 furthered his studies at the Department of History at the University of Kazan (then Soviet Union, now the Russian Federation). In 1950-1957 he worked in the Medieval Section of the Hungarian National Museum under Erik (Eric) Molnár, while in 1955 he participated in a research expedition to Mongolia. From 1958 to 1976 he worked at the Institute of History of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences; and while there, he completed his MSc thesis in 1964. He obtained his Ph.D. in 1975. From 1976 until his retirement in 1988 he was with the Ethnographic Research Section of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. In 1979 he was appointed Professor at the Department of Historical Auxiliary Sciences of the University of Budapest. His works include The Hungarian Community in the 9th-10th Centuries (A IX-X századi magyar társadalom) (1968); Community and Economy in Hungarian Ancient Historical Period (Társadalom és gazdaság a magyar őstörténetben) with A. Bartha, K. Czeglédy, A. Róna-Tas eds. (1977); Studies on Ancient Hungarian History (Magyar Őstörténeti Tanulmányok), and Ancient History of the Hungarian People (A magyar nép őstörténete) (1984). – B: 0969, T: 7456.→Czeglédy, Károly.

Bartha, Tibor (Magyarkapud, 13 July 1912 - Budapest, 4 July 1995) – Bishop of the Reformed Church, writer, politician. He studied Theology at the Reformed Theological Academy, Debrecen (1930-1934), then in Halle, Marburg, and Basel (1934-1936). He earned a Doctorate in Theology from the University of Debrecen in 1938. He was Assistant Minister in Hajdúhadháza, Sáp, Debrecen and Csaholc (1934-1941). He was a teacher of religion in Munkács (now Mukacheve, Ukraine) (1941-1945), as well as minister in the Ministerial Retreat Home of Berekfürdő (1949-1951), and in the Árpád Square Church, Debrecen (1951-1957). Meanwhile, he was a professor at the Reformed Theological Academy, Debrecen, and Assistant to Bishop János (John) Péter of Debrecen. He was Minister of the Great Church, Debrecen (1958-1986) and became Bishop of the Transtibiscan Church District from 1958 until his resignation in 1986; President of the Reformed General Synod (1962-1983); President of the Ecumenical Council of the Hungarian Churches (1959); Member of Parliament (1958), Member of the Presidential Council of the People’s Republic of Hungary. He was in charge of the Reformed Church during most of the Communist era. He was the founding father of the Theology of Service (A szolgálat teológiája), the official Theology of the Church. It was developed by a group of theologians from the Narrow Way Theology (A keskeny út teológiája) of Bishop Albert (Albert) Bereczky. His writings include The Word of God and Our Sermons (Az Isten igéje és igehirdetésünk) (1938) and Gospel, Church, People, vols. i-ii (Ige, Egyház, Nép, I-II) (1972). A great number of his articles appeared in Hungary and abroad. He received an Honorary Doctorate from the Lutheran Theological Academy, Budapest (1972) and from the Protestant Theological Institute, Kolozsvár (now Cluj-Napoca, Romania) (1974). He was a recipient of a number of distinguished medals, among them the Labor Order of Merit Golden Class, the Banner-Order with Rubies of the People’s Republic of Hungary, and the Order of St Vladimir. – B: 0910, T: 7103.→Bereczky, Albert; Péter, János; Reformed Church in Hungary.

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