B bábi, Tibor

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Barki, Éva Mária (Vienna, 1948 - ) – International lawyer. She was born into a Hungarian family living in Austria. As infant she lost her father and was raised by her mother in the spirit of Hungarian identity. The 1956 Hungarian Revolution and Freedom Fight had a decisive impact on her life. In high school she sometimes debated some of the statements of the history teachers. She read Law at the University of Vienna under the direction of the renowned professors Günther Winkle and Felix Ermacora, who influenced the autonomy negotiations of South Tirol. She has a law-firm in Vienna dealing not only with civil cases but also issues on international law, human rights and national rights. She is President of the Association for the Study of the World Refugee Problem – WAR, and board member of the Internationales Institut für Nationalitätenrecht und Regionalismus – INTEREG, Munich, and is president of the Austrian Human Rights League. Her early activities included dealing with Hungarian refugee issues. She was also observer for Amnesty Internaional on the political trials in Bratislava, Athens and Belgrade. At the time of the changes in the political system in Hungary, she became one of the founding members of the Hungarian Democratic Forum (Magyar Demokrata Fórum – MDF), and was its western spokesperson. Already in the 1980s she represented Transylvanian refugees from Romania. Since that time the sad fate of the 2 million Transylvanian Hungaians/Szeklers in Romania became her favorite theme. The first anti-Ceausescu press-conference in the West took place in her office. She organized the Transylvanian Committee, and as its President, represented the Hungarians in Transylvania at international forums. Due to her activities, the Human Rights Committee of the United Nations, Geneva, condemned Romania for human rights violations. She fought for international recognition of the Romanian Hungarians’ Democratic Alliance (Romániai Magyarok Demokratikus Szövetsége – RMDSZ). During the South-Slavic War, both Slovenia and Croatia asked for her help in the realization of their independence. Dr. Barki continuously keeps her eyes on the situation of Hungarians in Transylvania. In 1994 she was declared by Romanian authorities as an enemy of Romania, spreading a negative image of Romania in the West. There was a time when the Austrian secret police warned her that there was a plot against her life, and received police protection. In addition, she was declared persona non grata in Romania and was twice banned from entering Romania. Later the ban was lifted and she has already been a key speaker in youth camps there. Her international experience will be a great help in the realization of autonomy for Szeklers in Transylvania. She is also a welcome speaker wherever Hungarians live in the world. – B: 1759, T: 7103.→Political Paties in Hungary.

Barkós – An ethnic group living in Erdőhátság and in Borsod, Gömör, Heves and Nógrád counties of Northern Hungary (Felvidék, now Slovakia), inhabiting about fifty villages. They are considered to be ancient inhabitants prior to the Hungarian Settlement of the Carpathian Basin (895-896). Most of their villages were established on cleared woodlands. The origin of their name is unknown, although in written sources they already appear with the name “Barkó” at the beginning of the 1800s. They kept their archaic folk culture until the 20th century due to the isolation of their villages in closed valleys, far removed from the cities. Their speech is somewhat easier to understand than the Palóc dialect, although they share quite a lot of words and a similar pronunciation. Their clothes are as striking as their language. While their women wear long skirts, the men favor short shirts, embroidered peasant cloaks and white sheepskin waistcoats. They are resourceful and manually skilled. Their typical house, called “egyporta”, consists of 3 or 4 houses behind each other, built around a common courtyard. The center of their territory is Ózd. Their best-known villages are Domaháza, Hangony and Szentsimon. – B: 1134, 1020, T: 3240.→Palóc.

Barn – A farm building or shed used for storage. Its Hungarian name is “pajta”. Both ends of the building were used for keeping straw and hay, while the middle part was a working area or used for storing carts. Attractive barns used to be built in Transylvania (Erdély, now in Romania). Sometimes barns were built next to the stable. – B: 1134. – B: 1137, T: 3240.

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