B bábi, Tibor

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Bárdos, Artur (Arthur) (Budapest, 2 April 1882 - Buffalo, NY, USA, 10 August 1974) – Theater and stage manager, dramaturgist. At first he studied Law at the University of Budapest, and began his career as a journalist. Then in 1909 he went to Germany and worked as dramaturgist and stage director at the Stage-Play (Színjáték) of Hamburg. His book The New Stage (Az új színpad) was published concurrently. Under the same name he started his first theater venture in Budapest. In 1916 he became Director of the Modern Stage Cabaret (Modern Szinpadi Kabaré) that in 1918 became the Inner City Theater (Belvárosi Színház). Bárdos remained its manager for close to 30 years with some notable interruptions, e.g. he spent a six-year period (1926-1932) in Berlin as producer, where he also worked in the Theater im Palmenhaus. In 1948 he moved to the USA, where he published a volume of poetry in 1968. Bárdos directed the plays of most Hungarian, as well as foreign playwrights, such as Ferenc (Francis) Herczeg, Lajos (Louis) Zilahy, A. Strindberg, R. Roland, B. Shaw, W. Shakespeare, and others. He was appreciated for keeping a balance between lighter plays, and works of literary merit. Among his most important published works are: Two Paths (Két ösvény) poems (1903); Rulers and Clowns (Uralkodók és komédiások) (1936); Play Behind the Curtain (Játék a függöny mögött) (1943); Workshop Secrets of the Theater (A színház műhely titkai) (1943), and Twilight (Alkony), poems (1967). – B: 0879, 0883, T: 7456, 7617.→Herczeg, Ferenc; Zilahi, Lajos.

Bárdos, Lajos (Louis) (Budapest, 1 October 1899 - Budapest, 16 November 1986) – Choirmaster, composer, music theoretician, music teacher. During his higher studies at the Ferenc (Franz) Liszt Academy of Music, Budapest, he studied under Albert Siklós, Artur Harmat and Zoltán Kodály in 1920-1925. He was active as a music teacher (1925-1929), lectured at the Liszt Academy of Music (1928-1968), was choirmaster of the Palestrina Choir (Palestrina Kórus) (1923-1933), the Budapest Choir (Budapest Kórus) (1941-1948), and the choir of the Mátyás (Matthias) Cathedral of Budapest (1942-1962), among other musical activities. He was publisher and editor of the journal Hungarian Choir (Magyar Kórus) (1931-1950), and was one of the architects of the Singing Youth (Éneklő Ifjúság) movement in 1934. He started publishing Hungarian folk songs in 1928, and conducted the premieres of numerous contemporary choral works and oratorios. He often appeared abroad as guest artist. He composed stage works, radio plays, chamber music, vocal church music, and choral works. He was particularly active in setting poems of ancient Hungarian bards to music. Among his compositions are: String Quartet (Vonósnégyes) (1925); Distant Dream (Távoli álom) (1958); 4 Latin Masses (4 latin mise) (1985); 1 Hungarian Mass (1 magyar mise) (1985), and psalms, motetes, anthems and folksongs. He was an outstanding figure as researcher and as teacher of Hungarian music theory. He often gave lectures on various aspects of musical life (1928-1982). His writings include Thirty Writings (Harminc írás) (1929-1969); Franz Liszt, Musician of the Future (Liszt Ferenc, a jövő zenésze) (1976), and Bartók Tunes and Folk Music (Bartók dallamok és a népzene) (1977). He was a recipient of the Erkel Prize (1953), the Kossuth Prize (1955), the title of Outstanding Artist (1970), the Bartók-Pásztory Prize (1984), and the Grand Prix of the Art Foundation (1989). Choirs and schools bear his name, and there is a Lajos Bárdos Musical Week. – B: 0879, 1257, T: 7456.→Siklós; Albert; Harmat, Artur; Kodály, Zoltán.

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