B bábi, Tibor

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Bárczi, Géza (Zombor, Hungary, now Sombor, Serbia, 9 January 1894 - Budapest, 7 November 1975) – Linguist. He studied linguistics together with Hungarian, Latin, Greek and French at the University of Budapest as student of the Eötvös College. In the summer of 1914 he went on a scholarship to France for further studies, where he was interned during World War I. Eventually the International Red Cross succeeded in getting him to Switzerland, where he completed his studies at the University of Lausanne. Between 1919 and 1941 he worked as a high school teacher in Budapest; and from 1938 as an honorary lecturer at the University of Budapest, and taught Old-French Language. From 1941 he was Professor of Hungarian and Finno-Ugrian Linguistics at the University of Debrecen; and from 1952 he headed the School of Hungarian Linguistics at the University of Budapest until his retirement in 1969. He was a leading researcher of Hungarian linguistics. Most important were his studies on the history of the Hungarian language, particularly his work in the field of historical phonetics and morphology. From 1941 to 1949 he edited the journal Hungarian Vernacular (Magyar Népnyelv) and participated in collecting and organizing the great work Hungarian Language Atlas (Magyar Nyelvatlasz) starting in 1947. He authored a number of university and high school textbooks and was a Member of the Finno-Ugrian Society of Helsinki, later President of the Hungarian Linguistic Society. His works include; Hungarian Etymological Dictionary (Magyar szófejtő szótár) (1941); Introduction into Linguistics (Bevezetés a nyelvtudományba) (1953); Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language (A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára) (1959-1962); History of the Hungarian Language (A magyar nyelv életrajza) (1962, 2nd edn. 1966). He was a regular member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (1947), Honorary Doctor of the University of Debrecen (1973), and a recipient of the Kossuth Prize (1952), and was also a corresponding member of the Finnish Academy (1967). – B: 0883, 1257, T: 7456.

Bárdi, László (Ladislas) (Mosonmagyaróvár 1932 - ) – Orientalist, researcher of the ancient history of Hungary. His family is from Transylva­nia (Erdély, now in Romania). He received his Degree in Geography and History from the University of Buda­pest in 1954, and later obtained a Ph.D., Summa cum Laude, from the same University. He conducted postgraduate studies in England, Germany, Italy and China. He worked for ten years as a professor. During the J. Antall Government of Hungary, he was the supervisor of the educational districts of Counties Somogy and Tolna-Baranya. He was employed in higher education: from the mid-1970s as university lecturer at the University of Pécs; he then became the founding director of the Asian Center at the University of Pécs, and is now Director of its Scientific Advisory Committee there. He was a guest professor in Romania and China. From 1994, he was a lecturer at the South Chinese University of Nanchang. Bárdi’s historical research is directed toward the equestrian nomad peoples, as an adjunct to the Eastern background of Hungarian ancient history. To prove his theoretical research he has taken more than thirty Asian research trips to India, Mongolia, Nepal, Sikkim, Turkey – from Tibet to Manchuria, from Inner-Mongolia to Dzungaria, and spent 520–540 days in Asia, including China. He has published more than 12 books, among them several university textbooks. As a co-author, he has participated in the publicaton of more than 16 books and two lexicons. He has participated as a lecturer at several conferences in Hungary, and also at international conferences. He has worked as an editor for the scientific publication Turán, on articles concerning the re­search of the origins of the Magyars, and is a regular contributor to a Chinese-Magyar publication Selyemút (Silk Road). – B: 1935, 1031, T: 7690, 7103.

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