B bábi, Tibor

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Bulak People (Blaci, Blakok) When the Hungarians arrived in the Carpathian Basin in 895, they found the remnants of some former ruling peoples scattered around: Avars, Szeklers, Bolgars, Slavs, and among them the Bulaks (or Blachi, Blacki, Blachus, Bulaq). The Bulaks were living in Transylvania (Erdély, now in Romania) on mountain slopes. Anonymus, the late 12th century Chronicler called them “blacus”; Simon Kézai, the 13th century Chronicler refers to them as “blacki”. King András II (Endre, Andrew, 1205-1235) named their land as “Terra Blacorum”. They belonged to a Karluk-Turkish tribe originating from the Talas River Valley of present day Khyrgistan. They used a type of runic writing somewhat similar to the Hungarian-Szekler runes. They led a pastoral life and resisted the Hungarians. Finally, their two leaders, Menumorut (Ménmarót) and Gelu were defeated. Romanians claim that the Blachi people were Wlachs, ancestors of the present-day Romanians, because they lived in Transylvania before the Hungarian conquest. Thus, by right of priority, Transylvania was their land. However, historical documents show that the Wlachs appeared only in the 13th century in Transylvania, fleeing from the invading Tartars forces. – B: 1219, 2019, T: 7103.→Anonymus; Kézai, Simon; András II, King; Daco-Roman Theory.

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