B bábi, Tibor

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Buda, Codex Workshop – The Renaissance king, Mátyás I (Matthias Corvinus, 1458-1490) not only established and developed the famous Bibliotheca Corviniana (Corvinian Library) with some 5,000 magnificent codices at Buda, the capital of Hungary, but he set up a workshop where the copyists and miniaturists worked, which became famous from 1470 on. According to the testimony of Archbishop Miklós (Nicholas) Oláh, there were “thirty copyists working for the King”. There are three names mentioned in connection with the illumination of Corvinian manuscripts, notably Blandius, Cattaneo, Abbot of Madocsa, and Felix (Petancius) Ragusinus. The King alluded in a letter to Blandius as ‘miniator noster (our miniator). In a speech in 1489 Ransanus praised King Mátyás I for employing carpenters, sculptors, silversmiths, painters, and ‘transcriptores librorum’ (book copyists) from every part of Europe. The archbishop said: “Nearly every Greek and Latin manuscript was the work of these scribes. At their head was the Dalmatian Felix Ragusinus, whom I knew personally as an old man, who knew not only Greek and Latin, but also Chaldean and Arabic. Moreover, being well versed in painting he took very good care that the copying of books should be faultless”. The workshop declined after the sudden death of the king and ceased to exist when the Turks occupied Buda in 1541. There are 194 Corvinas in various libraries around the world,– B: 1215, T: 7103.→Mátyás I, King; Corvina; Oláh, Miklós.

Buda, Ferenc (Francis) (Debrecen, 3 November 1936 - ) – Poet, translator. He studied at the University of Debrecen, obtaining a Degree in Hungarian Literature (1958-1968). He was imprisoned because of his poems (1957-1958). Thereafter he was an unskilled laborer at the Chinoin Pharmaceutical Factory (1958-1963). Later he became a teacher in Pusztavács, Kecskemét and Kerekegyháza (1963-1970). He worked at the Archives of Bács-Kiskun County (1970-1986). He was Chief Contributor for the magazine Source (Forrás), and acted as secretary of Bács-Kiskun County’s Writers’ Association. His poems have been published since 1955. His understanding of lyrics is based on his childhood experiences and the world of his village and farm. He is a translator of Finno-Ugric and Inner-Asian folk poetry. His major works include Example of the Grasses (Füvek példája) poems (1963); Wake Up to the Tune of the Golden-Pipe (Ébresszen aranysíp) poems (1970); Magic Song (Varázsének) translation (1973); The Invisible Thief (A láthatatlan tolvaj) - Kazak Folk Tales, translation (1988); Country of Silence (Csöndország) (1991); Uttered Word, Shot Arrow (Kimondott szó, kilőtt nyíl), Turkish proverbs (1998); Beyond the Wall (Túl a falon) (2006), and What is Lacking? (Mi hija van?) (2006). He received a number of awards and prizes, among them the Attila József Prize (1973), the Hungarian Arts Prize (1993), the Book of the Year Award (1992) and the Kölcsey Prize (2000). – B: 0874, 0879, 0878, 1257, T: 7456, 7103.

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