B bábi, Tibor

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Bucsay, Mihály (Michael) (Tarcal, 8 July 1912 - Budapest, 8 July 1988) – Minister of the Reformed Church, church historian. He came from a teacher’s family and was educated in Reformed orphaneges in Budaörs and Hajdúböszörmény. He studied Theology at the Reformed Theological Academy of Sárospatak and at the Universities of Debrecen, and Halle, Germany (1930-1934). He received a Ph.D. in Philosophy in 1935, and in Theology in 1944 in Debrecen. He taught Philosophy and Church History at the Reformed Theological Academy of Budapest from 1948, and was Professor of Church History from 1956 until his retirement in 1980. Shortly afterwards he became the Chief Director of the Ráday College, Budapest. He was also Minister of the German-speaking affiliated church in Budapest from 1946. He organized the Southeastern Research Station in Dresden, Germany in 1938, and edited the Central Danubian Protestant Library series. His books and articles appeared at home and abroad. In his works he treated philosophical and Hungarian Reformed Church history themes. His main works are: The Question of Reality Within Criticism and Beyond Criticism (A realitás kérdése a kriticizmuson belül és a kriticizmuson túl) (1935); The Crisis of Kantianism (A kantiánizmus válsága) (1942); Reformers’ Debates Over the Lord’s Supper (A reformátorok úrvacsora vitái) (1942); Gergely Belényesi, the Hungaian Pupil of Calvin (Belényesi Gergely, Kálvin magyar tanítványa) (1944); Gergely Szegedi, Reformer of Debrecen…(Szegedi Gergely, debreceni reformátor…) (1945); The History of the Reformed Church in Hungary (A Magyar Református Egyház története) (1949); joint author of The History of Protestantism in Hungary (Geschichte des Protestantismus in Ungarn) (1959), and Protestantism in Hungary 1521-1978, vols. i, ii (Der Protestantismus in Ungarn 1521-1978, I,II) (1977-1979), its abridged Hungarian edition appeared in 1985. He was one of the leading church historians of the Reformed Church in the second half of the 20th century. – B: 0879, 0911, T: 7456.

Bucsin Chief Captain of the Szeklers. Upon the death of Chief Zandirhám (ca. end of 9th century) the Szeklers unanimously elected him to the office. Later he was converted to Christianity under the influence of the gyula, who brought the new faith from Constantinople. However, the sons of Apolt, remaining faithful to the old religion, started a religious battle and defeated him at the valley of Sasmező. He fled abroad and married Victoria, daughter of the King of Thracia. The Bucsin Mountain in Transylvania (Erdély, now in Romania), where the road leads from Gyergyó to Parajd, preserved his name. – B: 1220, 0942, T: 7682.→Szeklers.

Buda (in Western literature known as Bleda, - 445) – According to Hungarian legends Buda was one of the Hun leaders, and with Etele (Attila) and Keve (Reuva) he was the son of Bendeguz from the Érd Clan. After the battle of Cesumaur, near Mont Cetii in the Tuln region, where five leaders fell, only Etele and Buda survived. The Huns made Etele their king. Buda ruled the eastern part of the realm from the River Tisza to the Don, while Etele fought on the West. Buda named Sicambria (Aquincum, now Óbuda, part of Budapest) after himself Buda-Fort. Sixth century Gothic historian Jordanes states in his book “Getica” that the victoriously returning Etele killed Buda, because he breached an agreement between them, had his body thrown into the River Danube, and named the fort after himself. However, this has never been proved. History preserved its German name Etzelburg (Attila-Fort), but Hungarians named the place after Buda. Today it is part of Budapest. – B: 0942, T: 7103.→Bendeguz; Attila; Aquincum; Huns.

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