B bábi, Tibor

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Borsody, István (Stephen, Borsody, pen-name János Zabari) (Eperjes now Prešov, Slovakia, 16 September 1911 - Boston, USA, 17 October 2000) – Diplomat, historian, journalist. He studied Law at the Charles University, Prague, Czechoslovakia, and obtained a Ph.D. in Political Science in 1934. He furthered his studies at the Universities of Budapest, Dresden, Rome, Paris and London. He worked as a lawyer for a short while, then worked for the Hungarian Journal of Prague (Prágai Magyar Hírlap) (1937) and for the journal Hungary (Magyarország), Budapest (1938). After World War II, like other Hungarian leading intellectuals of Northern Hungary (Felvidék, now Slovakia), such as Lajos (Louis) Jócsik, and Rezső (Ralph) Peéry, he too leaned towards the Folk Movement (Népi mozgalom) and its political organization, the Smallholders’ Party. He became a contributor to the Communist Party’s newspaper, the Free Word (Szabad Szó), and the weekly New Hungary (Új Magyarország). In the meantime he was appointed honorary lecturer in East European History at the University of Budapest. He entered the diplomatic service in 1946 and served as Press Attaché at the Hungarian Consulate in New York, where he sought and was granted political asylum. In 1947 he was Professor of Central European History at Chatham College, University of Pittsburgh, until his retirement in 1977. His main field of research was Central European History and the issues of co-operation between peoples of the Danube region, especially Hungarian-Czechoslovak relations and minority rights. He and his friend, Oszkár Jászi, fought for spreading of the idea of Euro-Atlantic Federalism. He was a contributor to the periodicals Horizon (Látóhatár) and New Horizon (Új Látóhatár). He wrote books, such as Hungarians in Czechoslovakia 1918-1938 (Magyarok Csehszlovákiában 1918-1938) (1938); The Base-lines of the Hungarian-Slovakian Question (A magyar–szlovák kérdés alapvonalai), study (1939); Beneš (1943); Hungarian-Slovak Compromise (Magyar-szlovák kiegyezés) (1945); The Triumph of Tyranny (1960); The Tragedy of Central Europe (1980); The Hungarians: A Divided Nation (1988); the European Years (Európai évek) (1991), and the New Middle Europe (Az új Közép-Európa) (1998). He was one of the leading personalities of Hungarian political publications in the West. – B: 0921, 0878, 1690, T: 7103.→Jászi, Oszkár; Jócsik, Lajos; Peéry, Rezső.

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