B bábi, Tibor

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Bori, Imre (Emeric) (Bácsföldvár, now Backó Gradiste, Serbia, 28 December 1929 - Újvidék now Novi Sad, Serbia, 22 April 2004) – Hungarian poet, writer, critic, literary historian in Voivodina (Vajdaság, now Serbia). His secondary education was at the high schools of Nagybecskerek (now Zrenjanin), Becse (now Becej) and Zombor (now Sombor). His higher studies were at the Teachers’ Training College, Újvidék, obtaining a Degree in Department of Hungarian Language and Literature from the Department of the University of Novi Sad. He was present at its foundation and worked there throughout his life as Professor and Head of Department. He was a tireless pioneer of Hungarian culture in Voivodina, editor of a number of newspapers, and researcher of the longstanding local Hungarian cultural heritage. His many faceted works include Under the Sky of Vojvodina (Vajdasági ég alatt), anthology of Hungarian poetry in Yugoslavia (1960); Reed Pipe. 20th Century Hungarian Short Stories (Nádsíp, XX századi magyar novellák) (1977); Monographs, such as Gyula Krúdy (1978), Árpád G. Balázs; Ivo Andric (1992), and Trends in Hungarian Literature vols. i, ii, (A magyar irodalom irányai I, II) (1985, 1989). He was a member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences, an external member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and a member of the Pro Cultura Hungarica. He was a recipient of numerous prizes and awards, among them the Híd Literary Prize (1965), the Kornél Szenteleky Prize (1973), the Golden Medal of Labor (1995), and the Széchenyi Prize (2003). – B: 0877, 0878, 1257, T: 7103.

Borica – A men’s dance of Moldavia’s ethnic Hungarians, called “Csángós of the seven villages”. In earlier times it was performed during the carnival period; but since 1870, only on Boxing Day. The dancers are decorated with colorful ribbons and with a rattle tied under their knees. Their shoes are fixed with rattling spurs and their costume is rounded out with a pickaxe and a sword carried over the shoulder. The four masked “mutes(kuka) each have a cowbell attached to the waist, a wooden sword at the side, and a whip in the hand. The holder of the “tebe”, a pine treetop adorned with golden fruits, leads the dancers. They go from house to house, frolicking in the courtyards. The borica is a round dance in four parts made up of repeated fixed steps for the first three parts, and a so-called fast Turkish dance to end it. During the dance the “mutes” clown around and try to steal something, for which the host would later pay a ransom. The decree of Vienna on 6 February 1785 banned the dance under grave punishment by the authorities; but it was ignored and the borica is still alive in the town of Pürkerec. Similar carnival motifs are also known in Western Hungary in the Csallóköz area (now Zitny Ostov, Slovakia), and in the County Heves. This dance is part of the winter solstice festivities, having all the elements of the customary autumn sun burial, the rebirth of its former beauty, and the rites of the appropriate initiation. – B: 1134, T: 3240.→Csángó; Csallóköz.

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