B bábi, Tibor

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Bonfire at Dawn – Ceremonial bonfire on the second day of a wedding feast. It is composed of fast-burning materials in the middle of a courtyard, or somewhere in the village. It was called the “garden of dawn”. Every guest participated in lighting the fire. Sometimes they even danced around it, or the bride jumped over it. This was called “bride scorching”, and on occasions the best man jumped over the fire several times while holding onto the bride. The custom is still alive here and there in the northern parts of Hungary; but elsewhere this ceremonial dance is no more than a distant memory. – B: 1134, T: 3240.

Bónyi, Adorján (Hadrian) (Margitta, now Marghita, Romania, 12 December 1892 - Budapest, 31 January 1967) – Writer. His higher studies were at the Law School of the University of Kolozsvár (now Cluj-Napoca, Romania) (1911-1915). From 1919 to 1944 he was contributor and literary editor at the Pest Newspaper (Pesti Hírlap). Thereafter he worked at the Little Newspaper (Kis Újság) and at the Interesting Newspaper (Érdekes Újság). He was a member of the Petőfi and the Kisfaludy Literary Societies. He usually featured the life of the Capital City. He was a prolific writer. His works include Mirage (Délibáb) novel (1918); Bartered Life (Elcserélt élet) novel (1920); Blue Idol (Kék bálvány) story (1931); Four-in-hand (Négyesfogat) novel (1942); A Heart Stops (Egy szív megáll) novel (1942), and Vanishing Life (Tűnő élet) novel (1947). He also wrote plays; some of them were made into films. – B: 0883, 1257, 1719, T: 7103.

Böök, Fredrik (1883 - 1961) – Swedish literary historian, university lecturer. He was one of the most multifaceted and prolific Swedish writers in recent times, and played an important part in the cultural life of Sweden. He also wrote some excellent essays on Swedish literature. As a great humanist and pro-Hungarian, he condemned the Peace Treaty of Versailles-Trianon (1920) that dismembered historic Hungary of the Carpathian Basin and the Hungarian nation. He toured the detached Hungarian territories and gave account of his experiences about the tragic fate of 3.5 million ethnic Hungarians, forced to live under foreign rule, in newspaper articles, as well as in his book Resa till Ungern (Travel to Hungary). He wrote in 1931: “If one wishes success in the fight of Hungarians to amend the peace treaty, then one does so not only because one sympathizes with a brave, unhappy people, but also because one is convinced that the amends which should be made to Hungary for the injustices inflicted on her is inseparably interdependent with saving Europe from chaos”. – B: 1078, T: 7659.→Trianon Peace Treaty.

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