B bábi, Tibor

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Bodrogkeresztúr Culture – A historic culture named after the discovery of an Early Bronze Age cemetery in 1921 at Bodrogkeresztúr during a highway construction. It is estimated to be around 4,500 years old. The excavations at Tiszapolgár-Basatanya allowed Ida K. Bognár to place this culture in the Bronze Age, at the beginning of the flourishing Tiszapolgár culture. From chronological and genetic studies it appears that the Bodrogkeresztúr culture must have blossomed in the early Bronze Age, much as the Pécel Culture did in the Late Bronze Age. In the burial ritual the body was facing east in a fetal position. The men were laid on their right sides, the women on their left. The men had knives made of stone and brass placed under their heads or in their right hands, while the women had marble beads positioned around their waist, neck and ankles. Most objects in the tombs were made of ceramic; the milk jug was the most popular, while cups and flowerpots came next. Food was placed in the tombs to provide nourishment for the trip to the other world. Evidence from the bones suggests that domesticated animals may have been used for this purpose, for sheep, goat, pig and cattle bones were also found. Ida Bognár has identified an earlier and a later time period within this culture. The ornaments of the later period included motifs with the outline densely filled in with dots, as well as a short neck collar. – B: 1204, 1020, T: 7676.→Bronze Age in the Carpathian Basin.

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