B bábi, Tibor

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Bóbis, Gyula (Julius) (Kecskemét, 7 October 1909 - Budapest, 24 January 1972) – Wrestler. In the late 1920s he settled in the Capital. He tried a number of branches of sport; he first scored success in wrestling in 1934, winning the championship as light heavyweight among the Greco-Roman wrestlers. At the Berlin Olympics (1936) he was not placed; but in the following two European Championships he was third (at Munich in 1937 and at Oslo in 1939). With a family of five-children he experienced hard times during World War II. By the beginning of the London Olympics (1948) he had put on 10 kg and regained his normal 110-kg body weight. His classical hold in both forms, in technical preparedness and tactical feeling considerably exceeded his physical strength. In the London Olympics he won in free-style, but could not start in Greco-Roman because of his injury. He won an Olympic Gold Medal at the age of 39 and also won 23 Hungarian championships. He worked as a railway official and lived for music. He was an excellent singer. Among his children his daughter Ildikó scored successes as foil-fencer, she came second at the Munich Olympics. – B: 1768, 0883, 1031, T: 7456.

Bobula, Ida (Budapest, 1900 - Gaffney, SC., USA, 1981) – Educator, sociologist, historian. She completed her higher studies at the University of Budapest, obtained her Ph.D. in History in 1923. She made several trips abroad, also to the USA to further her studies at Bryn Mawr College, and earned a Ph.D. in Sociology. Between 1926 and 1933 she worked for the Hungarian Ministry of Education. She was also the first female reporter in charge of feminine matters. In 1929 she became the first woman in Hungary to be appointed as Research Fellow at the University of Budapest. From 1934 to 1944 she was Principal of the Sarolta College (for women), Budapest. During these years she wrote about The Woman in 18th Century Hungarian Society (1933). Following World War II, she emigrated to the USA in 1947, where at first she worked in the Library of Congress, Washington D.C. In 1947-1948 she worked for the Women’s College of New Jersey; and from 1967 to 1981 she taught at the Limestone College, Gaffney, SC. During these years she started to explore the possibility of a cultural and even linguistic relationship between the ancient Sumerians and the Hungarians. She published nine books on the topic, mostly in English. Among them are: Sumerian Affiliations, A Plea for Reconsideration (1951 MS); The Sumerian Goddes Ba-U (1952); Sumerian Technology (1960); The Problem of the Sumerian-Magyar Relationship (A sumer-magyar rokonság kérdése) (1961); Origin of the Hungarian Nation (1966), and Origins of 2,000 Hungarian Names (Kétezer magyar név eredete) (1970). From 1955 to 1957 she was Director of the Hungarian Refugee Program in Philadelphia. She was a member of several scientific societies. – B: 0883, 1105, T: 7456.→Badiny Jós, Ferenc; Padányi, Victor; Sumerian-Hungarian Language Connection.

Bocskai Crown – An enclosed gold crown decorated with pearls, rubies, emeralds and Persian motifs, reminiscent of 16th century works. On 11 November 1605, Lalla Mehmed received Prince István (Stephen) Bocskai (1557-1606) and his illustrious escort in Pest. He welcomed Bocskai as King of Hungary in the name of the Sultan and handed the crown over to him. Bocskai accepted the crown as a gift, not as a sign of royalty. The cross on top of the crown was added later at his request. After Bocskai’s death the crown passed into the possession of the Homonnai Drugeth family; but was later confiscated by the Palatine of Hungary and returned to the Habsburg King to be kept in his treasury in Vienna as a national property. Based on the decision of the 1920 Versailles-Trianon Peace Dictate, although the Hungarian nation claimed the crown as keeper of the legal title, it is still in the Vienna Museum. – B: 0883, 1031, T: 7673.→Bocskai, Prince István.

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