B bábi, Tibor

Bezdán, Massacre of Hungarians

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Bezdán, Massacre of Hungarians (Southern part of Historic Hungary, now Serbia) – An excerpt from a witness’ narrative: “The Serbian troops, the partisan squads of Tito, infiltrated Bácska only after the fight in the region ended. The report pays special attention to Bezdan, this Hungarian village on the left bank of the Danube. The villagers, men, women and children alike, were summoned to the soccer field at 9 a.m. on Nov. 3, 1944, under the pretext that important public works should be carried out and therefore everybody must show up under penalty of death. The partisans separated all 18- and 19-year-old men from the crowd including the players of the well-known soccer team, the BFC. By this cynical move the partisan commander wanted to mislead the remaining population and make it possible to drive the group away without disturbance. Equipped with spades and hoes, 122 men were led along the road to Zombor to the edge of the Isterbac Woods. Armed with machine guns, only 15 partisans escorted the obedient but somewhat worried group. Once there, they were forced to dig two large, wide pits, each 2 meters deep. At that point some of them may have begun to suspect the purpose of the work. Their apprehension could have been reinforced by the fact that a kind-hearted partisan tried to send back a 13 year-old boy to the soccer field coming with the group holding his father's hand. The little boy proved to be very affectionate and he could not be separated from his father. Their “job” being urgent, the partisans no longer cared about him. They forced the men to pile their spades and hoes and shot first the soccer team, then the rest of the group together with the child into the pits. It seems that no one thought of taking up their spade to fight the handful of gunmen. After the last man had been executed they sent a messenger on horseback to the soccer field with the message that “the job is done”. On receiving the news, the partisans, who had so far guarded the unsuspecting crowd, let the new widows and orphans go home. After a few days a division of Bulgarian soldiers arrived to Bezdan. The Bulgarian commander was told of the events of Nov. 3. He gave permission to open the common grave and give the dead proper burial. The funeral into separate graves took place on Nov. 28. The opening of the graves revealed that the victims were tied with a wire in groups of fifteen. Another forty corpses mutilated beyond recognition were found in the cellar of the village council house and in nearby yards, twenty more in the water of the Ferenc Canal. These were buried at the same time as the bodies from the two big common graves. Thirty-two bodies could not be identified due to the horrible mutilations. These were reburied in one common grave. The name of the murder squad was found out. The horrible crimes were committed by the 12th Udarna Brigade of the 51st Partisan Division under the orders of the commander and the political officer.” Some 40,000 to 50,000 Hungarians were murdered with similar bestiality by Serbian Partisans in the fall of 1944 and the spring of 1945. – B&T: 1394.→Atrocites against Hungarians.

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