B bábi, Tibor

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Berzsenyi, Dániel (Egyházashetye, 7 May 1776 - Nikla, 24 February 1836) – Great lyric poet between the Ages of Enlightenment and Romanticism; was an outstanding master of classical poetry. He enrolled in the Secondary School of Sopron rather late in his life. With his great strength he became the terror of the local German-speaking bully-boys, the Ponzichter or “bean planters”. He never completed his studies. For a short time in 1795 he was a soldier; and from 1798 he looked after the family holdings in Kemenessömjén, living in Nikla from 1803 on. Besides managing the farm he embarked on his literary career. Ferenc (Francis) Kazinczy heard about him from János (John) Kiss and sent suggestions and alternative ideas for his writings. In his poetry the life and times and the inner ideological struggles of the best of the contemporary Hungarian nobility are mirrored. He reached the pinnacle of his art with his nationalistic odes during the Napoleonic Wars between 1805 and 1807. In these works, addressing the common people, he forewarns of the perils looming over the nation and advises them to stand firm. The first volume was published in 1813. He distanced himself from Kazinczy after an argument over the satirical Transdanubian work Mondolat. Criticism by Ferenc (Francis) Kölcsey in 1817 provoked him to a debate. After a prolonged silence, from 1825 he played a significant role in literary circles. Besides writing esthetic works he penned essays about the plight of the peasants. In spite of his considerable wealth he maintained a very simple lifestyle. His gift of expression was extraordinary; his talent often reminds us of the greatest poets of ancient times. Due to his powerful and suggestive language and style he is considered to be the most important forerunner of Hungarian romantic lyric poetry. His works were published posthumously with the title All Works, Poems and Speeches (Összes művei. Költelem és folyóbeszéd) edited by G. Döbrentei (1842); Poems of Dániel Berzsenyi (Berzsenyi Dániel versei) edited by F. Toldy (1860), and Complete works of Dániel Berzsenyi (Berzsenyi Dániel összes művei) edited by O. Merényi (1956). – B: 0883, 1257, T: 7666.→Kazinczy, Ferenc; Kölcsey, Ferenc; Toldy, Ferenc.

Berzy, József (Joseph) (Pánd, 7 August 1914 - Toronto, 2003) – Historian, editor, librarian. He graduated from the University of Budapest majoring in History (1937). In 1934 he edited the literary review Central Europe (Középeurópa). After graduation he worked at the Gamma Optical Works (Gamma Optikai Művek), Budapest. He fought on the Eastern Front in World War II, and was wounded several times. In 1945 he left Hungary for Austria, where he created the Béta Mechanic Company. In 1949 he emigrated to Argentina and founded and headed a company as President. In 1961 he moved to Brazil and settled in Sao Paulo, where he was Editor-in-Chief of the daily Hungarian Unity (Magyar Egység). In 1967 he moved to Toronto, Canada. In Toronto he edited a weekly newspaper the Hungarian Life (Magyar Élet) (1968-1971). He was also Editor for a monthly of the Toronto Hungarian House the Chronicle (Krónika) (1975-1989). He played a major role in the establishment of the János Halász Library at the Hungarian House (1976-1989). Its collection contains more than 32,000 volumes, the best research library in the Hungarian diaspora. He published papers and books on History, including In the Service of the Future (A jövő szolgálatában) (1957), and The Liberation of Europe (Európa felszabaditása) (1966). – B: 0893, 1476, T: 7103.

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