B bábi, Tibor

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Bernáth, Aurél (Aurelian) (Marcali, 13 November 1895 - Budapest, 13 March 1982) – Painter. He spent his childhood in the Lake Balaton area in Transdanubia (Dunántúl), where he received the first inspirations for painting. In 1915 he went to Nagybánya (now Baia Mare, Romania) and joined its Art School. In 1916 he was called up for military service. In 1921 he moved to Vienna, where his first album Graphic was published. His paintings reflect the romantic Hungarian tradition, the European way of drawing, and Expressionism. He lived in Berlin between 1923 and 1926. His abstract and expressionist works were first shown in the Gallery Sturm in Berlin in 1923. In 1926 he moved to Budapest. In the meantime he traveled all over Europe. In 1928 he had the first exhibition of his collection in Berlin. It was a success. The picture La Riviera shows the infinite sea behind the rocks. It was his first important work. In 1928 he painted Winter (Tél) that shows a crow in flight in front of a snow-covered hill. After this exhibition he became one of the most important Hungarian artists. In 1945 he was Professor at the Academy of Fine Arts, Budapest, and a leading figure in Hungarian artistic life. His works include Hotel Room (Hotelszoba); Night with Butterflies (Éjszaka lepkékkel); Self-portrait in Yellow Coat (Önarckép sárga kabátban), and On the Terrace (Teraszon). He painted landscapes of Lake Balaton and the River Danube, and created murals, e.g. in the Erkel Theater in Budapest. He had important exhibitions in Brussels (1959), Venice (1962), in the Ernst Museum, Budapest; Berlin (1957) and London (1962). He wrote essays and a six-volume autobiography. In 1984 a Memorial Museum was dedicated to him at Marcali, his birthplace. He was a recipient of many awards and prizes, among them the Kossuth Prize (1948, 1970), the Munkácsy Prize (1950), the titles of Meritorious Artist (1952) and Outstanding Artist (1964). – B: 0883, 1122, 1124, T: 7103.→Miskolczy, László.

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