B bábi, Tibor

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Berde, Mária Julianna (Mary Juliana) (Mrs. Jenő Róth) (Kackó now Căţcâu, Romania, 5 February 1889 – Kolozsvár, now Cluj-Napoca, Romania, 20 February 1949) – Writer, poetess. In 1912 she obtained a Ph.D. in Arts, in 1917 a Teacher’s Degree from the University of Kolozsvár (now Cluj-Napoca, Romania). Thereafter she taught in Nagyenyed (now Aiud, Romania) and Marosvásárhely (now Tirgu-Mures, Romania). After the territory was ceded to Romania in 1920, she obtained a Romanian Teacher’s Degree in 1923. Later she settled in Nagyvárad (now Oradea, Romania), became a member of the Transylvanian Literary Society (Erdélyi Irodalmi Társaság) (1919), and in 1920 that of the Zsigmond Kemény Society (Kemény Zsigmond Társaság). In 1920 and 1921 she was Editor at the literary review Grim Times (Zord Idő). In 1933 she was one of the founding members of the Hungarian Writers Guild in Transylvania under Romanian rule. She first appeared with her poems prior to World War I, and soon became a notable figure in the Hungarian literary life of Transylvania. She wrote mostly novels, unveiled the problems of her own era by a realistic and high-standard literary style. She also wrote several stage-plays and published a collection of Szekler folk-tales. Her poems appeared in German, French and Romanian. She also translated literary masterpieces and some of Ion Creanga’s writings into Hungarian. Her works include novels such as Earthquake (Földindulás) (1929); Fiery Furnace (Tüzes kemence) (1936) and Men of Daybreak, vols. i, ii (A hajnal emberei I-II) (1943). She was awarded the Baumgarten Prize and the Amália Ormódy Prize of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. – B: 0883, 1257, T: 7456.→Kemény, Baron Zsigmond.

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