B bábi, Tibor

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Benczúr, Gyula (Julius) (Nyíregyháza, 28 January 1844 - Dolány, 16 July 1920) – Painter, one of the outstanding Hungarian painters of the 19th century. His painting The Farewell of László Hunyadi (Hunyadi László búcsúja) (1866) made him known in Pest. A study trip to Italy made a deep impression on him and his paintings well reflect this. The Baptism of Vajk (Vajk megkeresztelése) (1876) (later King István I, St. István/St. Stephen) reflects a great Baroque sumptuosity. Between 1876 and 1883 he was one of the professors at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, Germany. Following his return to Hungary he worked as Principal of a Master School until his death. He bought the Pejacsevics mansion in Dolány and was using it as his studio during the summer. For the Millennium celebrations in 1896, he created another famous painting called The Conquest of Buda (Buda elfoglalása). Some of his other paintings are The Arrest of Ferenc Rákóczi II (II Rákóczi Ferenc elfogatása), the portraits of Emperor Franz Joseph I, Count István Tisza, Ágoston Trefort, as well as mythological scenes, such as Perseus and Andromeda, and Doves of Venus. He was a member of the Upper House of Parliament. After his death the town of Dolány took on his name; and ever since it has been called Benczúrfalva. – B: 0883, 0934, T: 7653.

Benda, Kálmán (Coloman) (Nagyvárad, now Oradea, Romania, 27 November 1913 - Budapest, 13 March 1994) – Historian. He studied History and Geography at the University of Budapest. On scholarships he also studied in Vienna, Berlin and Paris. His area of interest included the history of the Transylvanian Principality, and the political and cultural history of contemporary Hungary. He worked at the Pál (Paul) Teleki Institute between 1942 and 1948; then as a casual worker (1948-1950). Between 1950 and 1957 he was an archivist at the Danubian Reformed Church District. From 1957 to 1985 he worked at and headed the Institute of History of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Between 1980 and 1990 he was Director of the Ráday Collection. From 1990 to 1994 he was President of the World Federation of Hungarian Historians. In 1993-1994 he was Rector of the Károli Gáspár Reformed University, Budapest. In 1990 he was a corresponding member, and in the following year a regular member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. His works include History of Hungarian Consciousness (A magyar nemzeti hivatástudat története) (1937); István Bocskai (1942, 1994); History of the Hungarian Jacobite Movement (A magyar jakobinus mozgalom története) (1957); The Four-Hundred-Year Old Debrecen Press (A 400 éves debreceni nyomda) (1961); Studies on the Enlightenment (Tanulmányok a felvilágosodás köréből) (1978); History of Hungary (Magyarország története) (1980), and Document Collection of the Csángó-Magyars in Moldavia, vols. i-ii (Moldvai csángó-magyar okmánytár I-II) (1989). He was one of the finest historians of the second half of the 20th century. Among others he was a recipient of the Pál Bugár Commemorative Medal (1966), the Széchenyi Prize (1992), and the Soros Life-work Prize (1994). – B: 0876, 0877, 0879, 1257, T: 7103.

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