B bábi, Tibor

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Béládi, Miklós (Nicholas) (Békés, 23 March 1928 - Budapest, 29 October 1983) – Critic, literary historian. He studied at the Arts Faculty of the University of Debrecen and received a Degree majoring in Hungarian, History and French. He carried out research in the Hungarian Faculty of the University of Budapest for a year, from where he joined the Institute of Literature History at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 1956. He worked there until his death. Between 1957 and 1960 he was also the Literary Editor for the Magvető Publisher (Magvető Kiadó). His main field of research was Hungarian Literature of the 20th century, where he played a leading and decisive role. He specialized in the populist writers’ movement and the history of the Hungarian avant-guarde. He founded and edited until his death the small monographic series Our Contemporaries (Korátrsaink). Between 1963 and 1972 he was internal associate of the literary review Critic (Kritika), thereafter Founder and Executive Editor of the review, Literature (Literatura). He endeavored to introduce to the Hungarian public the literature of Hungarian writers living in national minority areas of the Carpathian Basin, and their integration into the mainstream Hungarian literary life. He was Editor of the Hungarological Bulletin (Hungarológiai Értesitő). His works include Historical Present (Történelmi jelenidő) (1981), Value Changes (Értékváltozások) (1985) and Hungarian Literature in the West after 1984 (A nyugati magyar irodalom 1984 után), with B. Pomogáts and L. Rónay (1986), and Gyula Illyés (1987). He was awarded the Attila József Prize (1975). – B: 0883, 1257, T: 7456.→Pomogáts, Béla.

Bélaház (now Boleraz, Slovakia) – Village in former County Pozsony (now Bratislava, Slovakia) with royal privileges from King Béla II (1108-1141). The name Bélaház has evolved from the inscription “Béla Rex” (King Béla) forming part of the village seal. At the end of the 18th century high quality faience dishes and vessels were produced here by the former Habán potters living in the neighborhood and filling the niche provided by the decline in the faience production at Holics. Bright red and crimson roses on a soft white background were the major decorative elements on the village’s popular faience vessels. – B&T: 7654.→Bélaház Faience; Habans.

Bélaház Faience – Glazed earthenware. Bélaház, a village in the former County of Pozsony (now Bratislava, Slovakia), held special privileges from the time of King Béla I (1235-1270). The products of its faience workshop, founded in the 18th century, are very rare today. The basic color of the glaze is whitish green, decorated mostly with crimson flowers. These bellied vessels are fine relics of the Hungarian provincial late Rococo era. The workshop was closed down probably in the middle of the 19th century. – B: 1134, T: 3240.

Béldi Codex – A manuscript on paper. It contains part of the Illuminated Chronicle (Képes Krónika); the songs of praise of János (John) Hunyadi and King Mátyás I (Matthias Corvinus), and a calendar for the years from 1458 to 1496. Ferenc (Francis) Toldy donated it to the Archiepiscopal Library of Eger. There is a copy in the library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences – B: 0942, T: 7659.→Hunyadi, János; Mátyás I, King; Codex Literature; Toldy, Ferenc.

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