talents to such a degree that historians refer to this
time period as Athens’ “Golden Age.” Citizens in
Athens also had to complete military training, but
Athens never exercised the same strict and brutal
control over its people as Sparta.
Both of the quotations below were made by very famous people in world history (ancient period). First, read through both quotes, and decide whether you think the quote best represents the government model of Ancient Sparta or Athens that exemplifies either Spartan or Athenian values and explain why that sentence is important. Finally take a guess at which historical figure said it.
Quotation 1: ““The fundamental theme through all the centuries has been the principle that force and power are the determining factors. All development is struggle. Only force rules. Force is the first law. . . . Only through struggle have countries and the world become great. If one should ask whether this struggle is gruesome, then the only answer could be—for the weak, yes, for humanity as a whole, no. Instead of everlasting struggle, the world preaches cowardly, and everlasting peace. These three things, considered in the light of tconsequences, are the causes of the downfall of all humanity.”
Does the represent Sparta or Athens? Explain.
Who said it? _____________________________________________________
Quotation 2: “We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed Creator with certain undeniable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights Governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the people over whom they govern.”
Does the represent Sparta or Athens? Explain
Who said it? ______________________________________________
Task # 2
Using the slideshow to guide you, compare and Contrast the two city-states. List at least three thing they have in common and three things that are different about them:
Things in common
Things that were different
Using the descriptions above and the slideshow answer the questions below and then make the case for which city state you would have preferred to live in and why.
1) What kind of government did Athens have? What kind of government did Sparta have?
2) What kind of society did Athens have? What kind of society did Sparta have?
3) Which of the city-states most resembles the United States, why did you pick the one that you did pick this one (give examples)?
4) Which city-state do you think you would have called home? Why?