Auckland District Health Board



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Housing


Table : Housing problems reported by Māori aged 15 years and over, Auckland DHB, 2013

Housing problem
(a big problem)


Auckland DHB

New Zealand

Estimated number

%

(95% CI)

%

(95% CI)

Too small

1,500**

4.5**

(0.9,

8.2)

5.3

(4.7,

5.9)

Damp

3,000*

9.0*

(5.0,

13.1)

11.3

(10.5,

12.2)

Hard to keep warm

4,500*

13.6*

(9.1,

18.1)

16.5

(15.4,

17.7)

Needs repairs

3,500**

10.6**

(4.9,

16.2)

13.8

(12.7,

14.9)

Pests in the house

500**

1.9**

(0.4,

3.4)

5.8

(5.1,

6.5)

Source: Te Kupenga 2013, Statistics New Zealand customised report.
Note: * sampling error is 30% or more but less than 50%.
** sampling error is 50% or more but less than 100%.

Housing problems reported by Auckland Māori adults to be a big problem in 2013 included difficulty keeping the house warm (14%), needing repairs (11%), and damp (9%). Around 5% felt their house was too small and 2% had a big problem with pests.


Housing security


Table : Children and adults living in households where rent payment are made, Auckland DHB, 2013

Measure

Māori households

Non-Māori households

Māori/non-Māori

ratio (95% CI)



Difference in percentage

Number

%

(95% CI)

Number

%

(95% CI)







Households

8,937

60.8

(60.0,

61.6)

52,263

41.1

(40.8,

41.3)

1.48

(1.46,

1.50)

19.7

Children under 18 years (% age-standardised)

7,419

60.3

(59.5,

61.2)

30,573

40.1

(39.8,

40.5)

1.50

(1.48,

1.53)

20.2

Adults 18 years and over (% age-standardised)

20,556

60.5

(60.0,

61.0)

111,624

45.6

(45.4,

45.8)

1.33

(1.31,

1.34)

14.9

Source: 2013 Census, Statistics New Zealand
Notes: A Māori household is a household with at least one Māori resident. Non-Māori households have no Māori residents.
Ratios in bold show a statistically significant difference between Māori and non-Māori.

In 2013, 8,937 Māori households were rented, 61% of all Māori households, compared to 41% of non-Māori households.

Among children living in Māori households, 60% (over 7,400) were living in rented homes, compared to 40% (30,573 children) in non-Māori households.

Three-fifths (61%) of adults living in Māori households were living in rented accommodation (20,556), a third more than the proportion of adults living in non-Māori households (46%).


Household crowding


Table : People living in crowded households (requiring at least one more bedroom), Auckland DHB, 2013

Measure

Māori households

Non-Māori households

Māori/non-Māori

ratio (95% CI)



Difference in percentage

Number

%

(95% CI)

Number

%

(95% CI)







Households

1,914

12.9

(12.4,

13.5)

10,665

8.3

(8.1,

8.4)

1.56

(1.49,

1.63)

4.6

People (% age standardised)

9,939

23.2

(22.8,

23.6)

51,858

17.5

(17.4,

17.7)

1.32

(1.30,

1.35)

5.7

Source: 2013 Census, Statistics New Zealand

Notes: Crowding was defined as needing at least one additional bedroom according to the Canadian National Occupancy Standard (based on the age, sex and number of people living in the dwelling).


A Māori household is a household with at least one Māori resident. Non-Māori households have no Māori residents.
Ratios in bold show a statistically significant difference between Māori and non-Māori.

In 2013, 13% of Māori households were classified as crowded using the Canadian National Occupancy Standard, with around 1900 homes needing at least one additional bedroom, affecting over 9,900 people. Residents of Māori households were a third more likely than other residents to be living in crowded conditions.


Fuel poverty


Table : People living in households where no heating fuels are used, Auckland DHB, 2013

Measure

Māori households

Non-Māori households

Māori/non-Māori

ratio (95% CI)



Difference in percentage

Number

%

(95% CI)

Number

%

(95% CI)







Households

1,254

8.6

(8.1,

9.0)

9,012

7.1,

(6.9,

7.2)

1.21

(1.15,

1.28)

1.5

People (% age standardised)

3,660

7.7

(7.5,

8.0)

24,009

7.0,

(6.9,

7.1)

1.10

(1.06,

1.14)

0.7

Source: 2013 Census, Statistics New Zealand
Notes: No form of heating used in the dwelling (including electricity, coal, mains or bottled gas, wood, solar heating equipment, other heating).
A Māori household is a household with at least one Māori resident. Non-Māori households have no Māori residents.
Ratios in bold show a statistically significant difference between Māori and non-Māori.

In 2013, 9% of Māori households (1,254 homes) had no heating, 21% more than the proportion of non-Māori households (9,012 homes).





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