At Kingsborough



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Department of Education · City of New York

THE LEON M. GOLDSTEIN HIGH SCHOOL FOR THE SCIENCES

at Kingsborough


1830 Shore Boulevard

Brooklyn, New York 11235

“Academic Excellence in a Caring Community”









Joseph Zaza Tel: 718/368-8500


Principal Fax: 718/358-8555


Who Said What When and Why:

"Whenever you feel like criticizing any one...just remember that all the people in this world haven't had the advantages that you've had."

. Chapter 1
- F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby,: Nick’s father to Nick


"I hope she'll be a fool--that's the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool... You see, I think everything's terrible anyhow... And I know. I've been everywhere and seen everything and done everything." Daisy about her daughter Pamela


- F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby


"I married him because I thought he was a gentleman...I thought he knew something about breeding, but he wasn't fit to lick my shoe." Myrtle about George

Myrtle Chapter 2 at her Manhattan Party.
- F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby,

You can’t live forever; you can’t live forever” F. Scott Fitzgerald The Great Gatsby) Myrtle at her party on why she is having an affair



"It takes two to make an accident." Jordan to Nick


- F. Scott Fitzgerald, the Great Gatsby,


"A phrase began to beat in my ears with a sort of heady excitement: 'There are only the pursued, the pursuing, the busy, and the tired.'" Nick’s observation about love

F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby,

"Americans, while occasionally willing to be serfs, have always been obstinate about being peasantry." Nick on social class

F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby

"One thing's sure and nothing's surer/ The rich get richer and the poor get - children./ In the meantime,/ In between time--" The song that Klipsinger played at Gatsby’s and Daisy’s reunion

- F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby,

"There must have been moments even that afternoon when Daisy tumbled short of his dreams--not through her own fault but because of the colossal vitality of his illusion. It had gone beyond her, beyond everything. He had thrown himself into it with a creative passion." Nick about Gatsby and his chasing after Daisy

- F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby,

"His parents were shiftless and unsuccessful farm people--his imagination had never really accepted them as his parents at all. The truth was that Jay Gatsby of West Egg, Long Island, sprang from his Platonic conception of himself. He was a son of God... and he must be about His Father's business, the service of a vast, vulgar, and meretricious beauty. So he invented just the sort of Jay Gatsby that a seventeen year old boy would be likely to invent, and to this conception he was faithful to the end." Nick about Gatsby’s invention of his identity.

F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby,

"Can't repeat the past? ... Why of course you can!" Gatsby about his belief that you can go back in time


- F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby,


"I suppose the latest thing is to sit back and let Mr. Nobody from Nowhere make love to your wife. Well, if that's the idea you can count me out." Tom upon discovering Daisy and Gatsby’s affair

.
- F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby


"It excited him, too, that many men had already loved Daisy--it increased her value in his eyes." Nick about Gatsby’s idealization of Daisy.


- F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby,

God knows what you’ve been doing, everything you’ve been doing. You may fool me, but you can’t fool God.” George upon discovering Myrtle’s affair

You’re so stupid, you don’t know you’re alive” Is spoken by Myrtle about George mocking him for not knowing about her affair with Tom

- F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby

Let us learn to show friendship for a man when he is alive and not after he is dead." Meyer Wolfsheim on why he won’t go to Gatsby’s funeral




- F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby,


"They were careless people, Tom and Daisy--they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money of their vast carelessness, or whatever it was that kept them together and let other people clean up the mess they had made." Nick about Tom and Daisy


- F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby,


"And as I sat there, brooding on the old, unknown world, I thought of Gatsby's wonder when he first picked out Daisy's light at the end of his dock. He had come such a long way to this blue lawn, and his dream must have seemed so close he could hardly fail to grasp it. But what he did not know was that it was already behind him, somewhere in the vast obscurity beyond the city, where the dark fields of the republic rolled on under the night."

Nick about the American dream being over. The original American dream has been ruined by materialism.
- F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby, (Nick chapter 9; allegory about the American dream)


"I see now that this has been a story of the West, after all--Tom and Gatsby, Daisy and Jordan and I, were all Westerners, and perhaps we possessed some deficiency in common which made us subtly inadaptable to Eastern life."


- F. Scott Fitzgerald, (Nick chapter 9 about why he goes back to the Midwest)


"Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgiastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that's no matter--tomorrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms farther.... And one fine morning-- So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past."

- F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby,

Who is being described?

Two shining arrogant eyes had established dominance over his face” Tom

He was not fit to lick my shoe” George



I knew now why her face was familiar its pleasing contemptuous smile looked at me. Jordan

She smiled slowly and walked through her husband as if he were a ghost Myrtle

She dressed in white and had a little white roadster Daisy

Time Frame

1906 – James Gatz- Gatsby is 16

1912-1917- Gatsby works on Dan Cody’s yacht

1917- Meets Daisy and becomes Jay Gatsby –Gatsby is 27 Daisy is 16

1922- Nick meets Gatsby –Gatsby is 32 and he dies

1924 – Nick starts memoir of Gatsby’s life –Nick is 32

Who’s Who in the novel

Nick Carraway- Narrator , bond salesmen (Probity Trust pg 56) , Gatsby’s neighbor , Was in the third division artillery , Daisy’s cousin

Jay Gatsby- AKA James Gatz, Main character, Bootlegger, Socialite (party giver) ,

Henry Gatz – Gatsby’s father, from Minnesota,

Tom Buchanan- from Chicago and Nick knows him from Yale, Daisy’s husband

Daisy “Fay” Buchanan- Toms’s wife, the incarnation of Gatsby’s dream , Nick’s cousin

Pamela Buchanan: Daisy and Tom’s daughter.

George Wilson- Owner of the gas station, Myrtle’s husband, Suicide , lives near thevalley of ashes.

Myrtle Wilson- Social climber, Tom’s mistress, gets killed chasing the golden car.

Catherine – Myrtle’s Sister, tells Nick about Gatsby’s parties, believes Myrtle and Tom can’t get together is because Daisy’s catholic

Lucille McKee – She is always complimenting Myrtle.

Chester McKee – Homosexual, Lucille’s Brother

Jordan Baker- Golf player, party girl, dated Nick .

Sigourney Howard- Jordan’s Aunt, Jordan lives with her.

Mr. Mumbles- Nick meets them at Gatsby’s Party, Gatsby’s security guards.

Meyer Wolfsheim- Gatsby’s partner, interesting cufflinks made out of human teeth

Owl Eyes- Symbol of wisdom, meets Nick in Gatsby’s library. Books are fake

Klipspringer is the parasitic permanent house guest of Gatsby; he refuses to go to the funeral. He calls to have his tennis shoes returned.

Dan Cody- The millionaire who left the fortune to Gatsby. He is Gatsby’s mentor.

Ella Kaye- Dan Cody’s mistress who takes Gatsby to court and cheats him out of his inheritance.

Michaelis- eye witness of the accident. He testifies about Myrtle’s death.

Symbolism:

Daisy and the color white - dual meaning purity and the absence of heat

Gatsby’s gold tie and silver shirt- wealth

The green light at the end of Daisy’s dock- pursuit of wealth

Gatsby’s Hopalong Cassidy novel and Boyhood schedule- traditional American dream

Dr T.J. Eckleburg - God and moral corruption

Myrtle Wilson’s death and Gatsby’s death- negative consequences of Social climbing

Owl Eyes- Wisdom

Valley of Ashes- decay and corruption
Essay Topics:

1. The Great Gatsby is considered the definitive novel about the Roaring Twenties. Fitzgerald, who coined the phrase the Jazz Age (another name for this era), documents the changes in technology, fashion, and sexual and moral attitudes that occurred as America transformed itself from a rural to an urban nation. Explain how the novel is a social commentary on the 1920s. Identify and explain the changes in American culture that Fitzgerald observes and explain whether the author feels these trends were beneficial or detrimental to the American character.

2. The Great Gatsby is an indictment(attack) on the modern world. Fitzgerald uses the characters in his novel to document the moral decay produced by materialism, excessive and luxurious living and corruption. Explain how the novel reflects how these vices contributed to carelessness, hypocrisy and dishonesty.
3. The American Dream is a major theme in the novel The Great Gatsby. The author believes that the American Dream is a kind of romantic expectation that any individual can achieve a glowing future if he or she pursues his or her goal with hard work and sincere devotion. Unfortunately, materialism has corrupted the beauty of that dream. Explain how the character of Jay Gatsby represents both the nobility and the triviality of the American Dream. Is Fitzgerald correct that the American Dream is an illusion and that America’s glory days all behind her?

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