The1969 general elections hurt the racial unity, which resulted in riots on 13 May 1969. The then government constituted a special committee to formulate national ideology. The riots of 1969 taught many lessons to Malaysian political leadership, but level of poverty played an important role, the rural poverty at that time was forty per cent. The economically less fortunate who had been disgruntled over their fate took the opportunity to use the violent situation to express their anger.26In this scenario, Rukan Nigara was formulated. The five main objectives are: 1).Achieving the greater unity among the people.2). Maintaining democratic way of life.3). Creating a just society in which the nation’s wealth can be engaged together in a fair and equitable manner.4). Ensuring a liberal attitude towards the rich and diverse cultural traditions.5).Building progressive society which shall be oriented towards modern science and technology.
In order to achieve the five objectives mentioned above, five principles have been set up to guide the behavior and actions of individuals and their inter-relationships within groups. These five principles are:1).Belief in God.2).Loyalty to King and country.3).Upholding the Constitution.4).Rule of Law.5).Decorum and Morality.27Rukan Nigara provided the basis of the role of an individual in society and still contributing the well being of the multi racial society in Malaysia.