You will write a point-by-point compare-contrast essay that explains the similarities and differences of two animals. Select two animals with a fairly equal number of similarities and differences. For example, a whale and a brine shrimp are too different for a balanced point-by-point comparison-contrast. On the other hand, a gray squirrel and a red squirrel are probably too similar. A pair like a dolphin and a shark have a more balanced amount of similarities and differences, making them a better choice.
Traits of Writing Goals
Ideas: Select two interesting subjects, write a clear focus statement, and use details to compare and contrast the subjects.
Voice: Write with an original voice that shows your enthusiasm.
Word Choice: Choose precise words and define unfamiliar terms.
Sentence Fluency: Write with a variety of sentences that connect your subjects with clear comparisons and contrasts.
Conventions: Check your essay for correct punctuation, capitalization, spelling, and grammar.
***Scoring Rubric can be found on page 194-195 of your text book!
Create your own Topics Chart (see page 166). Select your topic from that chart.
Gather details using a Gathering Grid (see page 167). Use detail categories like physical characteristics, diet, habitat, and behavior (3 minimum). Each category should have at least 3 questions. Use books and encyclopedias in the library and the Internet to find questions to answers that you don’t already know. Remember to write your sources on the Citation Organizer so that you don’t accidentally plagiarize!
Write an organized outline for your writing (see pages 168-170). You may use the outline handout provided.
Write your first draft (see pages 171-176)! Remember these keys to effective writing:
Use your outline as a writing guide
Get all your ideas on paper in your first draft
Include your thesis (focus) statement in your first paragraph