Your assignment is to read the bookand answer a set of review questions. The questions will be impossible to answer without actually reading the book. The questions do not necessarily address the larger themes discussed in the book, but are intended to highlight interesting details, and simply force a closer reading of the book. I recommend that you keep the questions before you as you read. You will be asked to affirm that you have done your own work.
After completing the reading and the questions, you will write an essay based on the book. The essay question is found at the end of the review questions.
Due to the sexual nature of the material on pp. 68-86 of AWLOBF, you are not expected to read these pages. None of the review questions are answered on these pages. If you or your parents object to this material being found in the book (even though you are not required to read it), you may request an alternative assignment.
Please type your answers, and use spell check before submitting the work. Single-space the lines of each answer, and double-space between questions. Type the question AND the answer to each question together. Use a cover sheet with your name, class, date due and bibliographical information in MLA format.
The essay should begin on a new page, separate from the review questions. Type the essay question at the top, triple-space, and begin the essay. Double-space the lines of the essay.
The grade on the assignment will be assessed according to the following criteria:
A. the review questions: accuracy of answers, completeness. Omitting answers to questions will be penalized in proportion to the number omitted. Incorrect answers will be treated the same as omitted answers. Most answers will be very brief. Complete sentences are not required.
B. the essay: The basic elements of an essay are the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. The introduction contains the thesis statement. The body provides supporting arguments to confirm the thesis. The conclusion summarizes the essay briefly. A good thesis statement gives direction to the essay, and addresses the question that is being answered. The arguments and evidence presented in the body should be organized into paragraphs. The five-paragraph essay format is not mandatory, but is a good pattern to follow. Grading criteria are based on good organization, a clear thesis, and adequate supporting information.
A WORLD LIT ONLY BY FIRE by William Manchester
1. Whose country was "the back of a horse"? What does it mean?
2. How many conquered rebels did Charlemagne have beheaded for refusing baptism?
3. Who was the first to teach that sex was evil and that salvation was possible only through the intercession of the Virgin Mary?
4. What did Canossa symbolize? Is it a valid symbol?
5. Who was "history's most celebrated iconoclast" and why?
6. "At any given moment the most dangerous enemy in Europe was ___." Who was it?
7. Why were papal proclamations called "bulls"?
8. What factors led to the demise of knighthood?
9. When was Aristotle rediscovered by the West?
10. After Magellan, who was the next to navigate the "Straits of Magellan" successfully and survive to tell the tale?
80. What name did Magellan give the Philippines? For whom were they later renamed?
81. Who was the first person to complete a circumnavigation of the globe?
82. What obsession overcame Magellan while anchored in the Philippines?
83. What part of Magellan's body was returned to Spain?
84. Why did the friendly Filipinos eventually turn against them?
85. What was ironic about the fact that the one surviving ship of Magellan's fleet was piloted home by Cano?
86. How many men completed the voyage? How many started it?
87. Of all the tributes to Magellan, which, according to William Manchester, is most appropriate?
88. What problem was discovered with the ship's log/diary upon its return to Spain on September 7, 1522?
89. When were the works of Copernicus and Galileo removed from the Catholic Index of Forbidden Books?
ESSAY: Analyze William Manchester's point of view in A WORLD LIT ONLY BY FIRE. Does the title of the book tell you anything? How does he perceive the religious world of that time? How does he evaluate Luther's and Magellan's contributions? These are not a list of specific questions to be answered in the essay, but suggested thoughts to help you analyze. You should include brief quotes from the book to illustrate your points. (use parenthetical citations) The essence of the essay is to evaluate how objective Manchester is. Does he appear to have a bias?