Assessment Task Part B Assess Hatshepsut’s relationship with the Priesthood of Amun, Sennenmut and Thutmose III. Assess: make a judgement as to the value, worth, importance, significance of
Starting point: a student textbook
Callender, Gae The Eye Of Horus
quote: Hatshepsut thus linked her claim to the throne with the cult of Amen…. She herself held the titles of ‘God’s Wife’, ‘God’s Hand’, and ‘Adoratrice of the God’. Perhaps her high religious posts and contact with the priest were the reasons for the support they gave her during her reign.
Neferure – upon H’s succession received title of ‘God’s Wife’.
erection of obelisks: certainly, soon after her accession she commissioned two obelisks to be erected at Karnak.
Yr 9 – the expedition to Punt, under the command of Nehesy.
Paraphrase: Callendar speculates (perhaps)that the religious positions she held in the cult of Amun as a queen and regent for Thutmose III, brought her into contact with the priests of Amun, and contributed to the political support they gave her during her kingship (coregency).
I wonder what other historians say about this?
Is it a common view?
Neferure – seems of no significance, but made relevant p.189 – see statue: Senenmut protecting Princess Neferure – relationship? Tutor – significance?
I am always asking myself, ‘Can I make a relevant connection to the question? What is the relevance of obelisks & expedition to Punt to question.’ Let me think!
The chief recipient of Hatshepsut’s building program and the precious imports from Punt was Amun: the myrrh trees were planted in the forecourt of Deir el-Bahari ‘so that Amen might walk in the garden she made for him there’
The political logic of mutual self interest would suggest that the priesthood of Amun would support Hatshepsut’s devotion of obelisks and precious imports to the temples of Amun, even to the extent of supporting her irregular position as king/coregent.
p. 187 – Hatshesput’s military campaigns
relevant to a dot point – better know this! Good reference to ancient sources
p.187 – 188:
The Sed Festival: Yr 16
shared with Thutmose III : ‘Although both, are wished ‘millions of years’ by the gods, it is Hatshepsut who takes first place in the reliefs’
2 further obelisks erected at Karnak dedicated to Amun.
What is Heb-sed festival?
I would check out the inscriptions on these obelisks – focus on Thutmose I & Amun (sound familiar in legitimizing/justifiying her reign?)
Note the overlap of various areas of administration (religious & civil) ie priesthood of Amun not only restricted to temple administration. Vizier = pm – internal admin of Egypt – including judicial
Most famous of officials – tutor of Neferure
Long list of roles / positions / titles during H’s reign:
Royal admin: treasurer / tutor of young Neferure; steward of property of H & N (at least to Yr 7); overseer of all the works of the king – supervised temple construction at Karnak
Religious admin: steward of god Amun
Eminence & privileges – speculation of sexual relationship –
Interesting issue: end ? fate? : statues, tomb vandalized: damnation – fallen into disgrace? Thutmose III, later Akhenaten? Hatshpesut herself? Dorman thinks unlikely
2nd tomb under forecourt of Deir el-Bahari – one assumes he had permission from H? never finished or occupied
Death: Yr 18/19; or even in sole reign of Thutmose III
What is Callender’s assessment?
How important was he to Hatshepsut’s reign?
What do other historians across time write?
What attitude to Senenmut is conveyed by word choice of historians?
Callendar believes unlikely - only evidence is graffito of uncertain date
Death and burial of Hatshepsut
21yrs 9 mths
Died presumably of natural causes
Tomb KV 20 – earliest constructed in KV – from Yr 7 (date of accession); directly behind mort. temple; Thut I buried there (moved later by Thut III)