Art History 201: Ancient and Medieval Art (Fall 2013) Prof. Thomas Dale

Ancient Italy from the Etruscans to the Roman Republic

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10. Ancient Italy from the Etruscans to the Roman Republic (Oct. 3)

Reading: Gardner, I, ch. 6, 164-77; ch. 7, 179-87.

Etruscan Art

Etruscan Tombs at Cerveteri, 7th – 2nd century BCE, (G 6-6)

Tomb of Reliefs, Cerveteri, late 4th – early 3rd cent. BCE (G 6-7a, 8)

Tomb of the Leopards, Tarquinia, ca. 480-470 BCE (G6-9)

Sarcophagus lid with husband and wife reclining, from Cerveteri, terracotta, ca. 520 BCE (G 6-5)

Apollo (or Apulu), from the Temple of Minerva, Veii, painted terracotta, ca. 510-500 BCE (G 6-4, p. 168)

Capitoline She-wolf, bronze, ca. 500-480 BCE (G6-11)

*Head of a man ("Lucius Junius Brutus"), bronze, ca. 300 BCE

The Roman Republic

*Palatine Hill, Rome

Aulus Metellus (or Aule Metele), cast bronze, early 1st cent. BCE (G6-16)

Temple of Portunus (?), Forum Boarium, Rome, c.75 BCE (G 7-3)

Pont du Gard, Nîmes, aqueduct, ca. 16 BC (G7-33)
Section 6: Roman Portraiture (Oct. 8-11)

***Assignment I Final Version due ***
11. Domestic Art and Architecture in Pompei and South Italy (Oct. 8)

Reading: Gardner, I, ch. 7, 188-97.

*City plan or Pompei; Forum , Pompeii (G7-12)

*Insulae (apartment blocks) from Street of Abundance, Pompeii, and from Ostia Antica (G7-54)

Peristyle garden, House of the Vettii, Pompeii, 62-79 CE (G7-16A)

Atrium, House of Vetii, Pompeii, 62-79 CE (G7-16)

First Style wall painting (fresco) from Samnite House, Herculaneum, late 2nd century BC. (G7-17)

Initiation Rites of the Cult of Bacchus (?), Second Style mural paintings from Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii, ca. 60-50 BC (G7-18)

Gardenscape, Second Style mural painting, Villa of Livia at Primaporta, ca. 30-20 BCE (G7-20)

Cubiculum (bedroom) with Second Style mural painting from House of Publius Fannius Snynistor, Boscoreale, 50-40 BC (G7-19)

Third Style wall painting in the Villa of Agrippa Postumus, Boscotrecase, ca. 10 BCE. (G7-21)

Fourth Style wall painting in Ixion Room, House of Vettii, Pompeii, fresco, 70-79 (G7-23)

Still Life with peaches, detail of Fourth Style painting from Heruclenaeum, fresco 62-79 CE. (G7-26)

Portrait of Husband and Wife, House VII, 2, 6, Pompeii, fresco, ca. 70-79 CE (G7-25)

insula/ae; atrium; peristyle; cubiculum; tablinum; locus amoenus (‘lovely place’); Pliny’s Natural History
12. The Imperial Image from Augustus to Constantine (Oct. 10)

Reading: Gardner, I, ch. 7, 197-207; 216-220; 224-28.

Statue of Augustus from Primaporta, marble copy of bronze original (20BCE), early 1st cent CE (G7-27)

Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace), marble, 13-9 BCE (G 7-29)

-Reliefs showing Imperial Procession (G7-31); Allegory of Tellus Mater (Mother Earth) (G7-30)

Portrait of Vespasian, marble, 75-79 CE (G7-38)

Portrait of Young Flavian Woman, marble, ca. 90 CE (G7-39)

Arch of Titus, Rome, ca. 81 CE: (G7-39-41)

Marcus Aurelius on horseback, Capitoline Hill, Rome, cast bronze, 175 CE (G7-59)

Septimius Severus with Julia Domna and their children, Caracalla and Geta, from Fayoum, Egypt, tempera on wood, ca. 200 CE (G7-63)

Portrait bust of Caracalla, marble, ca. 211-17 CE (G7-64a)

Tetrarchs, porphyry, from Constantinople, ca. 305 CE (G7-73)

Constantine the Great, marble, from Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine. 315-30 CE (G7-77)
imago clipeata; tetrarchy; imperial epiphanies
Section 7: Roman to Early Medieval Art in the Chazen Museum, Gallery 1 (Oct. 15-18)
13. Imperial Roman Architecture and Public Monuments (Oct. 15)

Reading: Gardner, I, ch. 7, 203-205; 208-11; 220-21, 226-29.

Colosseum, Rome, constructed for Vespasian, 70-80 CE (G7-36, 37)

Forum of Trajan, Rome (G7-44)

Markets of Trajan, 110-112 (G7-46, 47), designed by Apollodorus of Damascus

Column of Trajan, marble relief sculpture, 106-113 (G7-45, 7-1)

*Basilica Ulpia, ca. 113

The Pantheon, Rome, constructed for Emperor Hadrian, 118-25 (G7-49, 50, 51)

Baths of Caracalla, Rome, ca. 211-217 (G7-66)

Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine, Rome, 306-313 (G7-78)

Arch of Constantine, Rome, marble with porphyry inlay, 312-15 (G7-75): relief showing Adlocutio-

Constantine addressing the people (G7-76), *tondo with Hadrian hunting and offering sacrifice

amphitheater; barrel vaulting; engaged columns; pilasters; corbels

Vitruvius, Ten Books on Architecture; basilica (including aisles and apse)

baths (including caldarium; frigidarium; tepidarium and natatio); spolia

****MIDTERM (Lectures 1-12) Oct. 17****
Section 8: Early Christian Iconography (Oct. 22- 25)
14. Jewish and Christian Art before Constantine (Oct. 22)

Reading: Gardner, I, ch. 8, 234-41.

The Catacombs and the art of Burial

*Priscilla Catacomb, Rome, wall paintings, ca. 200: Epulum (funerary banquet) for the deceased; Orant woman (‘Donna Velata’)

Sarcophagus with philosopher, Jonah, Baptism and orant from Santa Maria Antiqua, Rome, marble, high relief, ca. 270 (G8-7); *compare: Endymion sleeping, Roman sarcophagus, 2nd century
Synagogue and Church Decoration

Baptistery from House-Church (Domus Ecclesiae) of Dura Europos, ca. 240-56

-Reconstruction of Christian Building (G8-5)

*fresco decoration showing Good Shepherd (over font) Miracle of Paralytic (upper right), Women coming to tomb of Christ (lower right), ca. 240.

West wall with Torah niche from Synagogue of Dura Europos, Syria, tempera on plaster,

244-245 (G8-2) detail: Samuel anointing David (G8-3); *detail: Finding of Moses

Mausoleum of the Julii, Rome, vault mosaic, late 3rd cent.: Christ as Sol Invictus (G8-13A)
catacombs (including galleries excavated from tufa; loculi for common graves; cubicula with arcosolium niches); law of the poemerium; refrigerium; epulum; menorah; Domus ecclesiae

15. Early Christian Art and Architecture in Rome & Ravenna after Constantine (Oct. 24)

Reading: Gardner, I, ch. 8, 242-48.

Old St. Peter’s, Rome, ca. 319-37: Exterior reconstruction, plan and section (G8-9)

*Interior view by Jacopo Grimaldi, ca. 1590

*Shrine of Saint Peter (shown on the Pola Casket, ivory, 5th century)

Santa Sabina, Rome, 422-32, interior (G8-10)

-compare: Basilica of Constantine, Trier, ca.310 (G7-79, 80)

Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, marble with high reliefs, from Old St. Peter’s, 359 (G8-1)

Sta. Costanza, Rome, mausoleum, ca. 337-51: interior, section & plan (G8-11, 12)

Mosaic of Grape Harvest (G8-13)

Sta. Maria Maggiore, Rome, 432-440 under Pope Sixtus III, mosaics: Parting of Lot and Abraham (G8-14)

Mausoleum “of Galla Placidia” (Monastery of Santa Croce), Ravenna, ca. 425

exterior view (G8-15, 16); mosaic from entrance wall of Christ as Good Shepherd (G8-15)

view to east with mosaic of Saint Lawrence (G8-16)

Sant’Apollinare Nuovo, Ravenna (Palace Church of Theodoric), dedicated 504: interior to east (G8-18)

*mosaic showing procession of female martyrs bearing crowns

-mosaic showing Miracle of Loaves and Fishes (G8-19)
Battle of the Milvian Bridge, 312 (Constantine defeats Maxentius); Edict of Milan, 313

basilica (including nave with side aisles, transept and apse); burial ad sanctos

John 10 (The Good Shepherd); Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths
Section 9: The Icon (Oct. 29 to Nov. 1)
16. Late Antique and Early Byzantine Illuminated Manuscripts and Icons (Oct. 29)

Gardner, I, Ch. 8, 248-50; Ch. 9, 268-70.

Manuscript Illumination

Vatican Vergil, Rome, ca. 400-420, fol. 7r: Old farmer of Corycus (G8-20)

Vienna Genesis, fol. 7r: Rebecca at the Well (Genesis 24), tempera, gold and silver on purple-

dyed vellum, early 6th century (G8-21)

Rabbula Gospels: Crucifixion with Resurrection of Christ, and Ascension, made in Syria,

tempera on vellum, 586 (G 9-17, 17A)

Rossano Gospels, fol. 8v: Christ before Pilate, gold and tempera on purple-dyed vellum, made in Constantinople (?) early 6th century (G8-22)
Icons from Mount Sinai

-Christ Pantokrator, encaustic on panel, 6th century (G9-18A)

(Compare: Fayoum portrait, ca. 140-60CE (G7-62); *Icon of Serapis)

- Virgin and Child with Saints and Angels, encaustic on panel, 6th cent. (G9-18)

rotulus; codex; vellum; iconoclasm (730-87; 813-43); iconoduels; iconoclasts
17. Early Byzantine Art & Architecture during the reign of Justinian (Oct. 31)

Reading: Gardner, I, ch. 9, 254-68.

Barberini Diptych: Justinian as World Conqueror, left wing of ivory diptych, mid 6th cent.(G9-4)

Hagia Sophia (Church of Holy Wisdom), Constantinople, built for Emperor Justinian, designed by Anthemios of Tralles & Isidore of Miletus, 532-537 (G9-5-8)

Church of San Vitale, Ravenna, 526-47, exterior and plan, interior choir (G9-10-12)

mosaics: -Presbytery with Lamb of God in vault, Christ enthroned between Vitalis & Bishop

Ecclesius (G9-12); processions of Justinian and Theodora (G9-13, 14)

Monastery of St. Catherine, Mt. Sinai, rebuilt by Justinian, 548-65

Mosaics: -apse mosaic of Transfiguration (G9-16); * triumphal arch with Moses at Burning Bush
pendentives; solea; ambo; bema; templon; synthronon

Section 10: Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts (Kohler Library) (Nov. 5-8)
18. Byzantine Art after Iconoclasm: The Triumph of Images (Nov. 5)

Reading, Gardner, I, ch. 9, 270-81.

*Chludov Psalter: Illustration of Psalm 68:22 showing Crucifixion of Christ and Iconoclasts destroying icon of Christ, tempera on vellum, after 843.
Hagia Sophia, Istanbul: apse mosaic of Theotokos (Virgin & Child), 867 (G9-19)

Paris Psalter, fol. 1v: preface miniature showing David playing lyre, tempera on vellum, mid-10th cent. (G9-30)

Monastery of Hosios Loukas, Greece: Katholikon, plan and interior, ca. 1000-25 (G9-20,21)

Monastery of the Dormition, Daphni, Greece, ca. 1080-1100

-view to dome and squinches (G9-22) * Nativity

-Detail of mosaic of Pantocrator (G9-23)

-mosaic of Crucifixion, (G9-24); contrast Rabbula Gospels Crucifixion (G9-17A)

*Iconostasis beam from Mount Sinai, showing Deësis and Twelve Feasts, 12th century

“Threnos” (Lamentation) from Saint Pantaleimon Monastery at Nerezi, Macedonia, 1164 (G9-29)

Virgin of Vladimir (Virgin “Eleousa” of Tenderness), tempera and gold leaf on panel,

Originally from Constantinople, late11th-early 12th century (G9-31)

Parekklesion, funerary chapel of the Monastery of the Chora, Constantinople, built under Theodore Metochites; frescoes, ca. 1315-1321: Anastasis (G9-32)

Andrei Rublyev: Trinity (Three Angels who appeared to Abraham), tempera and gold leaf on wood panel,ca. 1410 (G9-35)
cross-in-square church; squinches; Macedonian Renaissance; iconostasis: Palaeologan Renaissance
19. Arts of the Migrations and Monastic Mission in Northern Europe (Nov. 7)

Readings: Gardner, I, ch. 11, 306-16.


*Gummersmark Brooch, Denmark, silver gilt, 6th century

Oseberg ship burial: Animal-head post, wood, ca. 815-20 (G11-4, 4A)
The British Isles (Hiberno-Saxon Art)

Purse lid from Sutton Hoo ship burial (East Anglia), gold with cloisonné garnet and millefiore enamel inlay ca. 625 (G11-3)

Gospel Book of Durrow, Northumbria, tempera on vellum, ca. 660-80: fol. 21v: Man (Frontispiece to Matthew) (G11-6)

Lindisfarne Gospels, Northumbria, tempera on vellum, ca. 698-721

-fol. 26v: Cross-Carpet Page (G11-7); fol. 25v: Saint Matthew (G11-8)

Book of Kells, tempera on vellum, from Iona, ca. 800: fol. 34r: Chi Rho Iota Page, (G11-1)

Cross of Muiredach, Monasterboice, sandstone, 923 (G11-9).
zoomorphic interlace; Beowulf, ca. 700; cloisonné; millefiore enamel
Section 11: Relics, Reliquaries and Medieval Portraiture (Nov. 12-15)
20. Rome Reborn: The Carolingian and Ottonian Revivals of Antiquity (Nov. 12)

Reading: Gardner, I, ch. 11, 317-30.

Carolingian Art

*Coin of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, gold, Aachen, 804

Gatehouse of Lorsch Abbey, 774 (G11-19A); Compare: Arch of Constantine (G7-76)

Odo of Metz (architect): Palace Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen, Germany, 792-805 (G11-17-18)

(Compare: S. Vitale, Ravenna (G9-6, 7, 8)

Plan of the Abbey of St. Gall, Switzerland, ca. 819 (G11-19)

Coronation Gospels of Charlemagne, Aachen, tempera on vellum, ca. 800-810, fol. 15r: St. Matthew (G11-13)

Ebbo Gospels, from Hautviller (nr. Reims), tempera on vellum, ca. 816-835, fol. 18v: St. Matthew (G11-14)

Utrecht Psalter, from Hautviller: Illustration of Psalm 44, tempera on vellum, ca. 820-35 (G11-15)

Ottonian Art

Gospel Book of Otto III: Otto III Enthroned between bishops and soldiers, 997-1000 (G11-29)

Church of St. Michael, Hildesheim, Germany, 1010-33, architecture (G11-22, 23, 23A)

-Bronze doors with Genesis narrative (left) and Life of Christ (right), commissioned by Bishop Bernward, 1015; God accusing Adam and Eve (G11-24, 25)

-Bronze Column of Bishop Bernward, 1015-1022 (G11-24A)

(compare Trajan's Column, G7-45).

Gero Crucifix, painted and gilded wood, Cologne, ca. 970 (G11-28)

*Golden Madonna of Essen, Essen Cathedral Treasury gold foil over wooden core with enamel eyes,

ca. 970.
Saint Benedict of Nursia (480-550): Benedictine Rule

monasticism; monastery; cloister; crypt; Westwerck; Laudes Regiae; typological interpretation

21. Islamic Art from the Middle East to Western Europe and Byzantium (Nov. 14)

Reading: Gardner, I, ch. 10, 282-305.

Koran, Headpiece and Kufic calligraphy from surah 18, India ink and gold leaf on vellum, 10th century (G10-17)

Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, architecture and mosaics, completed under Abd’al-Malik, 687-92


Great Mosque, Damascus, 706-715 (G10-4, 5)

Umayyad Palace, Mshatta, Jordan, 740-750–plan and limestone reliefs (G10-5A,B)

Great Mosque, Córdoba, Spain: Prayer Hall, (Umayyad) 8th -10th centuries (G10-1, 9); Maqsura and Dome in front of the Mihrab, 961-965 (G10-11, 12)

*Mosque of Ibn Tulun, Cairo, 876-79 (minaret: compare with Malwiya minaret of Great Mosque, Samara, Iraq, 848-52 (G. 10-9)

*Palatine Chapel, Palermo, Sicily, built for Norman ruler Roger II 1143-48: exterior view, interior of sanctuary mosaics with Byzantine Pantokrator; throne room with painted muqarnas ceiling (G9-27A)

Alhambra Palace, Granada Spain (Nasrid): muqarnas dome 1354-1391 (G10-19, 20)

Muhammad Ibn al-Zayn, brass basin inlaid with gold and silver, “Baptisère de Saint Louis” (Mamluk Egypt), ca. 1300 (G13-30)

Canteen with Episodes from Life of Christ, brass inlaid with silver, Ayyubid, ca. 1240-50 (G10-32)

Sinan (architect): Mosque of Selim II, Edirne, Turkey (Ottoman), 1568-75 (G10-23, 24)

Compare: Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, 532-37 (G9-5, 8)
Mecca: Ka’ba; Umayyads; Abbasids; Nasrids; Ayyubid; Mamluk; Ottoman Turks

Architectural terms: masjid (mosque); mihrab, minbar, minaret

Section 12: ISLAMIC ICONOCLASM (Nov. 19-22)

***Assignment 2 on Russian Icons due***
22. Romanesque Architecture, Pilgrimage and Monasticism (Nov. 19)

Reading: Gardner, Ch. 12, 332-41; Ch. 9, 274.

Pilgrimage & Monasticism in France

Saint Sernin in Toulouse, Languedoc, 1070-1120 (G12-5, 6), affiliated with the Abbey of Cluny

Abbey Church of Ste-Foy, Conques, Rouergue, France, mid-11th-12th century (G12-7A,B).

-Portrait Reliquary of Ste-Foy, gold repoussé and gemstones over wooden core with re-used Gallo-Roman imperial mask, late 10th century (G12-2)

Cluny Abbey (Cluny III), 1088-1130 (G12-8); * plan; * interior & exterior of surviving south transept

Cistercian Abbey of Notre-Dame at Fontenay, Burgundy, 1139-47, interior nave (G12-10A); *plan

Pilgrimage Churches in Italy

San Miniato al Monte, Florence, begun 1062 (G12-27)

San Marco in Venice (former Chapel of the Doges), 1063-1094 (G9-26)

-mosaic, 12th century: * Translation of Mark’s Relics

23. The Body Beautiful and Monstrous: Romanesque Sculpture & Metalwork (Nov. 21)

Reading: Gardner, I, ch. 12, 333-33; 341-46, 353-55.

Benedictine Abbey of St.-Pierre, Moissac, Languedoc, France, ca. 1115-30

Tympanum of Christ in Majesty with the 24 Elders (G12-11)

Trumeau (central door post) showing the prophet Jeremiah & interlaced lions (G12-13)

*Left Jamb showing Parable of Dives and Lazarus; Punishment of Lust and Avarice

Cathedral of Saint-Lazare, Autun, Burgundy, France: Tympanum of Last Judgement, made or commissioned by Gislebertus, ca. 1120-35 (G12-1)

*Cloister of Saint-Michel-de-Cuxa, France: historiated capitals showing Devouring Hell-mouth with naked dancers, double-bodied lions, pink marble, ca. 1140.*

Virgin and Child (“Sedes sapientiae”) from Auvergne region, walnut wood, ca. 1150-1200 (G12-19)

Rainer de Huy, Baptismal font of Notre-Dame-des-Fonts, Liège, Belgium, cast bronze, 1107-18 (G12-24)

Reliquary Head of Saint Alexander from Stavelot, Belgium, silver repoussé, gilt bronze, gems, pearls, enamel, 1145 (G12-25)
Maiestas Domini (Christ in Majesty); tympanum; archivolts; jambs; trumeau; historiated capitals

Mosan; champlevé enamel

***No Sections This Week***(Nov. 26-29)
24. Gothic Architecture and Stained Glass in the Ile de France, ca. 1140-1240 (Nov. 26)

Reading, Gardner, Ch. 13, 364-78.

Benedictine Abbey of Saint-Denis, chevet with double ambulatory rebuilt by Abbot Suger,

1140-44, (G13-2, 3); ribbed vaulting (G13-4)

Chartres Cathedral: west facade, excluding towers, 1140-1220(G13-5)

Plan, ca. 1194-1220 (G13-13)

Interior Nave elevation, ca. 1200-20 (G13-14); exterior elevation (G13-1)

Notre-Dame de la Belle Verrière, stained glass window, ca. 1170 (G13-16)

Rose window with Madonna and Child, surrounded by OT kings and royal arms of Louis IX and Blanche of Castille; St. Ann & Mary, flanked by Melchisedek, David, Solomon and Aaron, north transept, ca. 1240 (G13-17)

Amiens Cathedral, designed by Robert de Luzarches, Thomas de Cormont, and Renaud de Cormont, 1220-69; * Plan, 1220-69, laid out by Robert

Nave, ca. 1220-40, constructed under Thomas (G13-20)

Vaults and upper elevation (triforium and clerestory) of choir, 1260-69 by Renaud (G13-21)

West facade, begun ca. 1220 (G13-19)
ribbed vaulting: quadripartite and sexpartite vaulting; anagogy/anagogical

Dionysus the Pseudo-Areopagite, The Celestial Hierarchies;

statues-colonnes; quadripartite ribbed vaulting; flying buttresses; elevation: arcade, triforium, clerestory; plate tracery; bar tracery (with mullions); Rayonnant;
****THANKSGIVING HOLIDAY*** (Nov. 28-Dec.1)
Section 13: Monsters, Fantasy and Orality in Romanesque Art (Dec. 3-6)
25. French Gothic Sculpture (Dec. 3)

Reading: Gardner, I, ch. 13, 369-70, 377, 380.

Chartres Cathedral, Royal Portal, west facade, ca. 1145-55 (G13-5, 13-6)

Central tympanum: Christ in Majesty; right tympanum: Sedes Sapientiae (compare G12-18) with Presentation of Christ in the Temple, Annunciation, Visitation and Nativity; Liberal arts in archivolts; left tympanum: Creation of the World

Statues-colonnes: Prophets and Ancestors of Christ, from Royal Portal, ca. 1145-55 (G13-7) South Transept Sculpture: Saints Martin, Jerome, Gregory, jamb figures from right doorway, ca. 1220-30 (G13-18A); St. Theodore, from left doorway (ca. 1230), (G13-18)

*Central tympanum of Last Judgement (1210-15); contrast: Autun (G12-1)

Reims Cathedral, West Façade (G13-23), central doorway, Annunciation and Visitation, 1230-55


26. Art for the Laity in Medieval England and France (Dec. 5)

Reading: Gardner, I, ch. 12, 361-62; ch. 13, 384-89.

Bayeux “Tapestry”, woolen embroidery on linen, probably made near Canterbury for Bishop Odo of

Bayeux, ca. 1070-80: Funeral Procession of Edward the Confessor to Westminster Abbey (G12-37); Battle of Hastings (G12-38); * Oath of Harold at Bayeux

Bible moralisé (Moralized Bible), from Paris, 1226-1234: Dedication page showing Louis IX and Queen Blanche of Castille, gold leaf and tempera on parchment, Paris, (G13-33)

Master Honoré, Breviary of Philippe le Bel, ink, tempera & gold leaf on vellum, Paris, 1296: David anointed by Samuel and battle of David and Goliath (G13-35)

Jean Pucelle, Book of Hours of Jeanne d’Evreux, Paris, tempera on vellum, 1325-1328: Betrayal and Arrest of Christ and Annunciation to the Virgin (G13-36A)

Virgin and Child of Jeanne d'Evreux, Paris, silver gilt and enamel, ca. 1339 (G13-37)

Jewelry casket, lid showing Attack on Castle of Love, Paris, ivory, ca. 1330-1350 (G13-38)
marginalia; Roman de la rose; Book of Hours

SECTION 14: Medieval Art in the Chazen Museum (Dec. 10-13)

27. Gothic Art and Architecture in England and Germany (Dec. 10)

Reading: Gardner, I, ch. 13, 389-98.

English Gothic Architecture

Salisbury Cathedral, west facade and nave (“Early English”), 1220-58 (G13-39, 40, 41)

Gloucester Cathedral, choir, (“Perpendicular”) 1332-1357 (G13-42)

-Tomb of Edward II, 1330-35 (G13-42A)

German Gothic Architecture and Sculpture

Cologne Cathedral, interior of the choir, designed by Gerhard of Cologne, completed, 1322 (G13-51-52)

Church of St. Elizabeth, Marburg, 1233-83 (G13-53)

*Saint Maurice, from Magdeburg Cathedral, painted sandstone, ca. 1245-50

Ekkehard and Uta, from Naumburg Cathedral, painted limestone, ca. 1249-55 (G13-48)

Virgin Mary with dead Christ (Röttgen Pietà), from the Rheinland, painted wood, ca. 1300-25 (G13-50)

lierne ribs; tiercerons; fan vaulting; Andachtsbilder (devotional images); Vesperbild; Rupert of Deutz: Compassio
28. Italian Art before the Renaissance (Dec. 12)

***Optional Assignment 3 due in lecture***
Reading, Gardner, I, ch. 14, 400-420.
Bonaventura Berlinghieri, Saint Francis Altarpiece, San Francesco, Pescia, tempera and gold leaf on panel, 1235 (G14-5)

*Arnolfo di Cambio, Santa Croce, Florence (Franciscan order), begun 1294

Nicola Pisano, Pulpit of the Pisa Baptistry, marble, 1259-60 (G14-2)

Relief of Annunciation and Nativity, (G14-3) * figure of Hercules as Fortitude

Giovanni Pisano, Pulpit from S. Andrea in Pistoia, relief panel of Nativity, marble, 1297-1301 (G14-4)

Cimabue, Virgin and Child Enthroned, Florence, tempera and gold leaf on panel, ca. 1280-90

(G. 14-6); compare Virgin of Vladimir, 12th century (G 9-31)

Duccio di Buoninsegna, Maestà, former altarpiece for high altar of Siena Cathedral, 1308-1311 (G14-9, 10); detail of back: Betrayal of Jesus by Judas (G14-11)

Giotto, fresco cycle in Arena Chapel (Cappella Scrovegni), Padua, ca. 1305-6

-view to west wall with Last Judgement (G14-1)

-Lamentation over Death of Christ (G14-1, p. 401); compare: Threnos, Nerezi, 1164 (G9-29)

*Annunciation to Anna; compare: Sant'Andrea in Mantua, by Alberti, 1474)

Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Allegory of Good Government in the City and Allegory of Good Government in the Country, Palazzo Pubblico, Siena, 1338-39 (G 14-16, 17)
Mendicant orders: Franciscans and Dominicans; Compassio

Giovanni de Caulibus of San Gimignano: Meditations on the Life of Christ.

Giorgio Vasari, Lives of the Artists, 1568; Maniera greca; chrysography; transubstantiation

Dante, Inferno; Boccaccio, Decameron

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