Art 1 Chapter 2: The Art of the Ancient Near East

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Art 1 Chapter 2: The Art of the Ancient Near East

  1. What is Mesopotamia? Where does the word come from and what does it refer to?

  1. What are some of the contributions that the Sumerians are known for?

  1. What is a ziggurat, in terms of form and symbolic meaning? Provide an example of a specific example of a building that has these characteristics.

  1. What is a “bent-axis”?

  1. What do we know about Sumerian religion and forms of worship?

  1. What is cuneiform? Under what circumstances did it develop?

  1. Describe the form and possible purpose of the votive figures from the Square Temple at Eshnunna, Tel Ashmar

  1. What is a “waiting room” and who used it?

  1. Who excavated the Royal Graves at Ur? Describe what was found there.

  1. What is the possible significance of the decoration on the sound box of the lyre/harp from Tomb 789 (The King’s Grave), Royal Cemetery, Ur?

  1. What is the “Standard of Ur”? Describe its form, decoration, and possible meaning.

  1. What are cylinder seals? What type of imagery do they have and what is their possible function?

  1. What is a stela?

  1. Who was Sargon? In what way did he permanently change the government in Mesopotamia, and how does this effect art?

  1. What work of art is most closely associated with Sargon? Explain why.

  1. Who was Naram-Sin? Describe and discuss the work of art he is most known for.

  1. What achievement is Hammurabi of Babylon most known for?

  1. Describe Hammurabi’s stela as fully as possible.

  1. How did Mesopotamian kings receive their authority? Identify a work of art that expresses this idea.

  1. What did Assyrian palaces symbolize and represent? What are some works of art found there that express these concepts?

  1. What is a lamassu and where would one be found? What function did it serve?

  1. Describe the form and decoration of the Ishtar Gate.

  1. What is the most important archaeological source of knowledge regarding Persian architecture?

  1. What are some of the source of inspiration or influence for the Persian Apadana or Royal Audience Hall? Describe an architectural feature that seems to be uniquely Persian.

  1. Describe the main “Gate of All the Lands,” the main entrance to the Apadana. What does it symbolize and how does it achieve this?

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