Arms & Space Race



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Arms Race and Space Race


Arms & Space Race
Go to the website: http://www.hq.nasa.gov/pao/History/sputnik/index.html
Answer the following questions:
1. What event started the space race?
2. Who won the first space race event?
3. What did Americans fear the Soviets would be able to do if they could launch a satellite?
4. What organization was formed in 1958? Why do you think it was formed?

Go to the website: http://www.nasm.si.edu/exhibitions/gal114/SpaceRace/sec100/sec100.htm


Scroll through three topics on the left “Military Origins, Racing to the Moon, and Satellite Reconnaissance” and complete the tasks below:
5. Summarize the link “Military Origins”
6. Summarize the link “Racing to the Moon”
7. Summarize the link “Satellite Reconnaissance”

Go to the website: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/astrospies/time-flash.html


Answer the following questions (start with the year 1955):
8. How did the desire to “spy” on the enemy contribute to the space race?
9. How is the space race related to the military competition that existed between the two
nations?
10. How did the space race affect American schools?
11. Who was the first man in space?
12. What do you think both the United States and USSR were looking for with the spy
satellites?
13. What was President Reagan’s “Star Wars” plan?

Go to the website: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/astrospies


Read the introduction, then click on the link “secret astronauts” and answer the following questions:
14. What was the job of the secret astronauts?
15. What was the name of the program they were a part of? (hint “MOL”)

Go to the website: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/astrospies/photos.html


Read the introduction then launch the interactive to answer the following questions.
17. How has the space race continued to influence politics today?
18. According to satellite images, what countries have nuclear weapons?
19. How do you think the space race and arms race are interrelated?

Go to the website: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/nuclear_arms_race.htm


Answer the following questions:
20. What did Sputnik lead to?
21. What are ICBMs? (explain them)
22. In 1967 who appeared to be winning the arms race?
23. Explain the term MAD.

Go to the website: http://www.coldwar.org/articles/40s/index.asp


Look at the 1940s index and summarize:
24. Soviet Atomic Bomb Test
25. H-Bomb Development Summary
Look at the 1950s index and summarize:
26. Missile Gap
Go to the 1960s Index and summarize:
27. U-2 incident
28. Cuban Missile Crisis
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