Armenian Genocide Lesson Plan (50 min class)

Download 22.77 Kb.
Size22.77 Kb.
Maria Celis

Armenian Genocide Lesson Plan (50 min class)

Anticipatory Set 10 min – Allow students to complete 3-2-1 activity, discuss answers with partners, discuss with class

Objective Students will comprehend the concept and demonstration of genocide and persecution by interpreting the event of the Armenian massacre.


Input and Modeling 20 min – Distribute reading handout and assign students to individually read each paragraph and identify the answer to the five guided reading questions.

Checking for understanding

5 min – Hold class discussion on the answers the student found in the reading.

Guided Practice 10 min – Direct students to view the map and read the Armenian Genocide Today paragraph. Ask them to answer the end question after reading the genocide definition and instruct them to include two examples from the reading. Hold class discussion and discuss their answers.

Independent practice

5 min – Homework

Allow students to take home all class work handouts from this lesson as a resource for the reflection essay prompt.

Connect students’ reflections with other genocide examples in the form of a research paper.

Name _________________

Date __________________


3-2-1 Activity

Directions: Look at the photos and complete the boxes below.



things of interest about the photos



things that relate to what you already know



question that these photos raise

10.5.5 Discuss human rights violations and genocide, including the Ottoman government's action against Armenian citizens.

Genocide in the 20th Century: Armenians in Turkey 1915-1918 = 1,500,000 Deaths!
Directions: Circle and number the paragraph according to where you find the answer to each question.
(1) Who are the Armenians and where do they live?

(2) What is the Armenian's religion? AND What is the Ottoman's/Turk's religion?

(3) What else made the Turks hate the Armenians?

(4) At the start of WWI, why did the Turks think Armenians would be traitors?

(5) What happened to Armenians starting after April 24, 1915?

The Roots of Genocide: The Ottoman Empire

The Armenians are an ancient people who inhabited the highland region between the Black, Caspian, and Mediterranean seas for nearly 3,000 years. They were the first people to adopt Christianity as a national religion. During the 15th century, Armenia was made part of the mighty Ottoman Empire.

The Ottoman rulers, like most of their subjects, were Muslim. They permitted the Armenians to have some independence, but they also made Armenians experience unequal and unjust treatment. For example, Christians had to pay higher taxes than Muslims and they had few political and legal rights.

Even with these difficulties, the Armenian community did well under Ottoman rule. They tended to be better educated and wealthier than the Turks, who in turn tended to hate their success. This resentment was mixed with suspicions that the Christian Armenians would be more loyal to Christian governments like Russians who shared a border with Turkey.

The Rise of the Young Turks

In 1908, a new government came to power in Turkey. A group of reformers called the “Young Turks” overthrew the ruler and established a more modern constitutional government. At first, the Armenians were hopeful that they would have equality, but they soon learned that the nationalistic Young Turks wanted to “Turkify” the empire. According to this, non-Turks-- especially Christian non-Turks--were a threat to the new state.

World War I

In 1914, the Turks entered World War I on the side of Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Military leaders began to argue that the Armenians were traitors. They thought the Armenians would fight for the enemy so they could win independence. With this, the Turkish government began the “removal” of the Armenians from the war zones in the Eastern Front.

Genocide Begins

On April 24, 1915, the Armenian genocide began. That day, the Turkish government arrested and executed hundreds of Armenian community leaders, writers, and teachers. After that, ordinary Armenians were taken out of their homes and sent on death marches through the desert without food or water. Frequently, the marchers were stripped naked and forced to walk under the sun until they dropped dead. People who stopped were shot.

At the same time, the Young Turks created a “Special Organization,” which organized “killing squads”. These killing squads were made up of murderers and other ex-convicts. They drowned people in rivers, threw them off cliffs, crucified them and burned them alive. By then, the countryside was scattered with Armenian corpses.

Records show that during this “Turkification” operation, government squads also kidnapped children, converted them to Islam and gave them to Turkish families. In some places, they raped women and forced them to serve as slaves. Muslim families moved into the homes of deported Armenians and seized their property.

In 1922, when the genocide was over, there were just 388,000 Armenians remaining in the Ottoman Empire.

“Armenian Genocide.” 2012. The History Channel website.

10.5.5 Discuss human rights violations and genocide, including the Ottoman government's action against Armenian citizens.

The Armenian Genocide Today

After the Ottomans surrendered in 1918, the leaders of the Young Turks fled to Germany, which promised not to prosecute them for the genocide. However, a group of Armenian nationalists tracked down and assassinated the leaders of the genocide. Ever since then, the Turkish government has denied that a genocide took place. They argue that the Armenians were an enemy force and their slaughter was necessary during war. Today, Turkey is an important ally of the U.S. and other Western nations, and so their governments have been reluctant to condemn the long-ago killings. In March 2010, a U.S. Congressional panel at last voted to recognize the genocide.

Your response: Reread the definition of the word, genocide, and answer the question below.


The deliberate attempt to destroy a people based on their religion or ethnic identity.

Why would you think the actions of the Turkish government during WWI was an example of genocide?

Include two examples from the reading above.

Name _________________

Date __________________

Armenian Genocide Reflection Essay
Based on what you know of what happened to the Armenians,

Write a reflective essay answering how and why people can be persecuted.

Use the following questions to help you form your essay.

  • How do dislike and suspicion transform into active persecution?

  • Is there always a specific pattern?

  • Are there examples from your own life that you can apply to your answer?

Share with your friends:

The database is protected by copyright © 2020
send message

    Main page