Aristotle’s The Politics



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Aristotle’s The Politics:
First let us consider what is the purpose of a state and how many forms of government there are by which human society is regulated. We have already said, earlier in this treatise. that man is by nature apolitical animal. And therefore men, even when they did not require one another’s help, desire to live together all the same, and are in fact brought together by their common interests. Well being is certainly the chief end of individuals and of states...
The conclusion is evident governments which have a regard to common interest are constituted in accordance with strict principles of justice, and are therefore true forms but those which regard only the interest of the rulers are all defective and perverted forms. For they are despotic, whereas a state is a community of free men...
We call that form of government in which one rules, and which regards the common interest, kingship or royalty that in which more than one, but not many, rule, aristocracy. It is so called, either because the rulers are the best men, or because they have at heart the best interest of the state and of the citizens. But when the citizens at large administer the state for the common interest, the government is call by the generic name- Constitutional government...
Of the above mentioned forms, the perversions areas follows of royalty, tyranny of aristocracy, oligarchy of constitutional government, democracy. For tyranny is a kind of monarchy which has in view the interest of the monarch only oligarchy has in view the interest of the wealthy democracy, of the needy none of them the common good of all.
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1. Who created the source ________________________________________________________________
2. What do you know about the author _______________________________________________________
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3. Which of the following forms of government does the author describe as the corrupt form of aristocracy __
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4. What does the author mean when he states that man is by nature apolitical animal ________________
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5. How does the author distinguish between good governments and bad governments _________________
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6. According to the author, what is the problem with democracy ___________________________________
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B
EFORE

YOU

READ
,
REVIEW

THE

FOLLOWING

KEY

TERMS
:
monarchy - a form of government headed by an all powerful king
tyranny - a cruel and oppressive government
oligarchy - small group of people controlling a country
aristocracy - form of government headed by the rich
constitutional government - government ruled by a set of rules outlined by a constitution
Aristotle’s The Politics
Much of Classical Greece and especially Athens, have been respected for their democratic governments. The Greek Philosopher Aristotle was a student of Plato. Like Plato, Aristotle was skeptical of democracy, which he thought could lead to mob rule. Instead, Aristotle preferred rule by a single strong and honest leader. In this excerpt from The Politics, Aristotle outlines the forms of government and discusses the strengths and weaknesses of each form.
It was created by Aristotle I just know that he was a Greek during the classical period.
The author describes to oligarchy as the corrupt form of aristocracy. means that state is a creation of men. that democracies are unable to allow a sufficient number of their citizens to have their voices heard.
the good one is when they are together and the bad one is people who have different religions.

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