Romans fail to conquer Scotland (Caledonia) built Hadrian’s Wall
Large Roman Settlements: Londinium, Eboracum,
Technological advances, Road networks, Sewage and water supply systems, Literacy and written records, roman archaeology
Romans leave, 410 and economic decline follows. Romans left cultural influence
Romano-British culture; Romanisation of the language, e.g. centenary, mega, video
After the departure of the Romans, the British Isles were subject to successive waves of invasions from Northern Europe and Scandinavia. The Anglo-Saxon immigrations and invasions mixed with the Romano-British to modify native culture. Encourage children to think about the significance of waves of immigrations in forming cultures in the British Isles. Use maps to ensure children can understand where early Kingdoms existed in Britain.
Angles and the Saxons: Invasions from 490
Native Anglo-Saxon culture, Legend of King Arthur
Multiple Kingdoms across Britain: England and Wales included: Northumbria, Mercia, Wessex, Kent, East Anglia, Sussex, Essex . Scotland included: Pictland and Dál Riata.
Struggles for power: the rise of Wessex, Alfred the Great
Vikings and Normans
The Vikings, Scandinavian Explorers and Invaders
How Viking attack, invasion, settlement and interaction influenced Britain
The extent of Viking exploration and its importance in Viking culture