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Autumn Two World Religions Judaism



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Autumn Two

World Religions

Judaism

Belief in one God, followers are called the Jewish people or Jews

Become familiar with the Story of the Exodus where Moses leads the Hebrews out of Egypt

Understand important places, holidays, symbols and features: Israel, Hanukkah (sometimes spelled Chanukah), Torah, synagogue, symbol of the Star of David


Christianity

Belief in one God, followers are called Christians

Christianity grew out of Judaism

Understand important places, holidays, symbols and features: Jesus, meaning of ‘messiah’, Christmas, Easter, symbol of the cross


Islam

Belief in one God, followers are called Muslims

Originated in Arabia, spread worldwide

Understand important places, holidays, symbols and features: Allah, Muhammad, Makkah, Qur’an, mosque, symbol of the crescent and star (found on the flags of many mainly Islamic nations)



Spring One

The Romans

Invasion under Emperor Claudius

Boudicca, Rebellion of the Iceni, in 60AD, destoryed Roman settlements at Colchester, London and St Albans

Romans fail to conquer Scotland (Caledonia) built Hadrian’s Wall

Large Roman Settlements: Londinium, Eboracum,

Technological advances, Road networks, Sewage and water supply systems, Literacy and written records, roman archaeology

Romans leave, 410 and economic decline follows. Romans left cultural influence

Romano-British culture; Romanisation of the language, e.g. centenary, mega, video


Spring Two

Angles, Saxons

After the departure of the Romans, the British Isles were subject to successive waves of invasions from Northern Europe and Scandinavia. The Anglo-Saxon immigrations and invasions mixed with the Romano-British to modify native culture. Encourage children to think about the significance of waves of immigrations in forming cultures in the British Isles. Use maps to ensure children can understand where early Kingdoms existed in Britain.
Angles and the Saxons: Invasions from 490

Native Anglo-Saxon culture, Legend of King Arthur

Multiple Kingdoms across Britain: England and Wales included: Northumbria, Mercia, Wessex, Kent, East Anglia, Sussex, Essex . Scotland included: Pictland and Dál Riata.

Struggles for power: the rise of Wessex, Alfred the Great




Summer One

Vikings and Normans





The Vikings, Scandinavian Explorers and Invaders

How Viking attack, invasion, settlement and interaction influenced Britain

The extent of Viking exploration and its importance in Viking culture

Viking culture, known for invasion and violence

Culture of exploration and seafaring; extensive trading routes; migration and settlement

Danegeld payments to the Vikings to convince them not to attack

Viking invasions of Britain and Viking settlements of Jorvik (York) and Dublinia (Dublin)

The Danelaw: an area dominated by the Vikings covering Northumbria, East Anglia and parts of Mercia

Kingdom of Wessex under Alfred the Great was the only native English Kingdom

Alfred victorious over the Vikings






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