Apush/Darnell Ch 10: Nationalism and Sectionalism

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Ch 10: Nationalism and Sectionalism

Key Terms:

  1. Economic Nationalism

    1. Second Bank of the United States

    2. Tariff of 1816

    3. National Road

    4. The “American System”

    5. Panic of 1819

  2. Political Nationalism

    1. Era of “Good Feelings”

  3. Geographical Nationalism

    1. The Convention of 1818 (Don’t Confuse with the Convention of 1800!)

    2. Transcontinental Treaty (Adams-Onis Treaty) 1819

    3. Missouri Compromise

  1. Judicial Nationalism

    1. Judicial Review

    2. Federal Power Supremacy

    3. Protection of Contract Rights

    4. Interstate Commerce Regulation

  2. Nationalist Diplomacy

    1. Monroe Doctrine

  3. End of One Party Politics

    1. “Corrupt Bargain”

    2. Patronage

    3. Democratic-Republican Party Division

      1. National Republicans

      2. Democrats

    4. Election of 1828

    5. Universal White Manhood Suffrage

    6. Mass Democracy

Reflection Questions:

  1. How did economic policies implemented after the War of 1812 reflect a sense of Economic Nationalism?

  2. What characterized the Era of Good Feelings?

  3. In what ways did foreign and domestic political policies shape a sense of American Geographical Nationalism?

  4. How did the Supreme Court under John Marshall affect a sense of “Judicial Nationalism”? In what ways were the federal government’s power and the national economy strengthened by the Court’s activism?

  5. Are political parties necessary in a republican form of government? Why did they re-emerge in the 1830s after disappearing from 1816-1828 (Era of Good Feelings)?

  6. Differentiate the political ideologies of the National Republicans and the Jacksonian Democrats.

  7. Was the Election of 1828 more revolutionary than the Election of 1800? Why/why not?

  8. Amidst the growing sense of American Nationalism what issues prompted sectionalism?

Ch 11: The Jacksonian Era

Key Terms:

  1. Spoils system

  2. National political conventions

  3. Peggy Eaton Affair

  4. Maysville Road Veto

  5. Tariff of 1828/”Tariff of Abominations”

  6. South Carolina Exposition and Protest

  7. Webster-Hayne Debate

  8. South Carolina Ordinance of Nullification

  9. Force Bill

  10. Compromise Tariff of 1833

  11. Indian Removal Act 18305 Civilized Tribes

  1. Trail of Tears

  2. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia 1831

  3. Worcester v. Georgia 1832

  4. The Bank Recharter Veto

  5. Pet Banks

  6. Wildcat Banks

  7. Distribution Act

  8. Specie Circular Act

  9. Panic of 1837

  10. Independent Treasury System

  11. 1840 “Log Cabin and Hard Cider” Presidential Campaign

Reflection Questions:

  1. Why did Calhoun and the South see the Tariff of 1828 as such an “abomination” and raise threats of nullification over it?

  2. Why was the Bank of the United States controversy so important in the 1830s and why did Jackson take the actions he did toward it?

  3. What happened to Indians living east of the Mississippi River by 1840? In particular, but not exclusively, discuss the attitudes, policies and events that led to the “Trail of Tears” Indian removal in 1837.

  4. How was the new economic development of the economy before the Civil War related to both westward movement and increasing sectional conflict?

  5. What PEGS factors led to the rise of the Second American Political Party System of Democrats and Whigs?

  6. Create a VGO comparing and contrasting their political ideologies.

  7. Did Jacksonian Democracy usher in an “age of the Common Man” producing true economic and social equality as promised? Why/why not?

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