Critical Thinking – (Chapters 28-30) Name: __________________________________________ Date: _____________
Answer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper, using full sentences and fully answering the questions.
In the view of progressives, what was wrong with American society? What solutions did they proposed to address social problems? Be specific.
Most active progressives were middle-class Americans. Why was progressive reform more attractive to them than to either the working classes or to the wealthier segments of society?
Identify the “three Cs” of President Roosevelt's Square Deal. Describe what he did to bring progressive reform action in each of the three areas. Did the Square Deal succeed in its goal of using the federal government to mediate between powerful interests?
Do you think that Theodore Roosevelt's claim that Taft had abandoned his policies was entirely fair? Why or why not?
It has been said of Theodore Roosevelt that “he stood close to the center and bared his teeth at the conservatives of the right and the liberals of the extreme left.” Do you think this is an accurate judgment of Roosevelt's politics? Why or why not? To illustrate your argument, cite specific action taken by Roosevelt.
Progressives believed that “the cure for the ills of democracy was more democracy.” How did progressive reforms attempt to bring “more democracy” to American society and government? In what areas were their reforms most successful? In what areas did they largely fail to succeed?.
Compare the issues and candidates in the presidential elections of 1912 and 1916. Account for Wilson's victory in each case.
What were the most important of Wilson's progressive reforms? Was Wilson actually a more effective progressive than Theodore Roosevelt? Why or why not?
Assess America's policy of neutrality at the outset of World War I. Consider both
a. Wilson's policies in regard to Britain and Germany.
b. the sentiments of the American public.
Were we “neutral in thought as well as deed”? Explain.
Critically evaluate Woodrow Wilson's personal qualities as well as his presidential leadership and policies. How did his personality affect his policies and their outcome?
Assess Wilson's conduct of foreign policy from 1914 to 1917. Do you think that he could have pursued a different course that would have kept the United States out of the war? Should he have? Why or why not?
Comment on the observation that Wilson's support for the flood of social—welfare legislation in 1916 was “hypocritical and self—serving.”
Wilson once remarked that he was “going to teach the South American republics to elect good men.” Do you think that this was a proper function for the president of the United States? Why or why not? Use U.S. relations with Mexico to illustrate your view.
Summarize President Wilson's Fourteen Points. Which were substantially attained as a result of American participation in World War I? Which were not? Why?
Why did President Wilson have such difficulty getting his own allies at the Paris Peace Conference to accept the principles of the Fourteen Points? To what extent did the Treaty of Versailles embody the principles of the Fourteen Points?
Why did President Wilson finally decide that the United States needed to enter World War I? What were the essential principles underlying Wilson's idealistic appeal for a “war to make the world safe for democracy”? Why does the text call those principle “prophetic”?