ASSIGNMENT SHEET #20: The Civil Rights Movement, 1900 - 1970
AMERICAN PAGEANT: Chaps. 23, 25, 31, 35, 37, 38, 39
Read pp. 512-513, 574 - 576, 741-742, 828 - 830, 890-895, 916-921, 924-927, 956-957
Read MLK’s “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” posted online by Thursday
QUESTIONS: Think about and answer
1. What were the similarities between Jim Crow laws and Plessy v. Ferguson?
2. Describe the different attitudes toward civil rights by WEB Dubois, Booker T. Washington, and Marcus Garvey
3. How did A. Philip Randolph and the NAACP differ in their approach toward ending discrimination in the armed services?
4. How did WWII affect the lives and hopes of African-Americans?
5. How did President Truman deal with segregation in the US armed forces?
6. What were conditions like in the North and South for Black Americans?
7. What was the significance of the Brown v. Board of Education decision?
8. What was Eisenhower's attitude toward desegregation?
9. How did Blacks change the bus system of Montgomery, Alabama?
10. Why did Martin Luther King encourage nonviolent resistance?
11. Describe the some of the tactics used to protest segregation? Were they effective? Why?
12. How did Birmingham’s police commissioner Bull Conner help the fight for desegregation?
13. Why was JFK slow to champion civil rights when he was first elected? What caused him to change?
14. How did LBJ use the civil rights movement to affect change in America?
15. Why did students become disillusioned with MLK and nonviolence?
16. Why did many northern cities erupt in racial violence between 1965-1968?
17. Why, after the many gains, did the civil rights movement become more radical?
18. How did busing for school children become an issue in the civil rights movement?
19. What is your stance on affirmative action? Why? Consider many choices
20. ASK AND ANSWER YOUR OWN QUESTION
Booker T. Washington WEB Dubois Marcus Garvey
NAACP Harlem Renaissance A Philip Randolph
segregation de facto segregation de jure segregation
Emmitt Till Jackie Robinson Thurgood Marshall
Myrdal, American Dilemma Sweatt v. Painter Rosa Parks
Montgomery Bus Boycott Martin Luther King Earl Warren
nonviolent resistance civil disobedience Mohandas Gandhi
Brown v. Board of Education Southern Manifesto Central High School
Civil Rights Act of 1957 SCLC sit-ins
SNCC Freedom Riders CORE
James Meredith Birmingham Governor Wallace
March on Washington Civil Rights Act of 1964 EEOC
Voting Rights Act 1965 24th Amendment MFDP
Selma Black power Watts riots
Malcolm X / Nation of Islam Black Panthers Stokely Carmichael
MLK's assassination Kerner Report affirmative action
“white flight” Bakke case
Documents must include the four quotes on the handout along with the picture p. 890, quote p. 891,