no DOI available from NCLIVE or other subscription database
(Suggestedalternative to APA’s standard method)
Not all journal articles will have a DOI number. If retrieved online from a public database or journal with free access, then give the specific URL (uniform resource locator, a.k.a. Web address) that will link the reader to the article. (Do not add punctuation after the URL.)
Sillick, T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 45, 12-20. Retrieved from http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/ejap/article/view/71
- No retrieval date is needed because the final (archived) copy is referenced.
If the article has been retrieved from a journal or aggregate database that requires a subscription (like those from NCLIVE), give the URL for the journal’s home page rather than the database link. For example, the article below was retrieved from the Barton College library using an EBSCOhost database, Academic Search Complete (from NCLIVE), which is a subscription database.
Rose, R., & Bowen, G. (2009). Power analysis in social work intervention research: Designing cluster-randomized trials. Social Work Research, 33, 43-54. Retrieved from http://www.naswpress.org/publications/journals/swr.html
However, because some journals may have difficult to-locate home pages, or may only be accessible via subscription, Hackney Library recommends the following alteration to standard APA style: include the database name from which the full text article cited was retrieved, followed by the vendor providing the database. In this way, Barton College professors (and fellow students) can easily access the articles cited in assignments.
(For our rationale behind this suggestion, scroll down to the Comments area to view the various responses on this very topic from APA’s Paige Jackson to a variety of respondents on the APA blog post: “What to Use—the Full Document URL or Home Page URL?” . Particularly pertinent is the Nov. 11, 2009 post in which Jackson clarifies that the APA does indeed view it as permissible to include database information when that is the best way for the reader to access an article being cited. Inclusion of the database name also alerts the paper’s reader that this article was retrieved in online rather than print format. For these reasons, we recommend this deviation from standard APA style.)