Ap world History Chapters 4, 5, 6 Study Guide Multiple Choice

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AP World History

Chapters 4, 5, 6 Study Guide
Multiple Choice:

  1. Irrigation in Iran was different than other areas because of the large desert plain. How did they compensate for this? (4)

  2. The most important trade items in ancient Iran were what? (4)

  3. The Medes were the first Iranian people to do what? (4)

  4. The king responsible for unifying Iran was? (4)

  5. Early Iranian social organization was set up how? (4)

  6. After uniting Media and Persia, Cyrus conquered what regions? (4)

  7. How did Cyrus and his son rule their empire? (4)

  8. What are satraps? (4)

  9. Though Greek sources depict elite Persian women as political pawns, recent findings suggest that Persian women of the elite class could do what? (4)

  10. Under Darius's legal system, subject peoples in Persian territories were treated how? (4)

  11. Where did Darius established the administrative center of his empire? (4)

  12. What are the tenets of Zoroastrianism? (4)

  13. Although Greece is described as "resource poor" in the chapter, it economically prospered how? (4)

  14. What grew well in the dry environment of Greece? (4)

  15. The area of the polis in which citizens would come together to ratify decisions of their leaders was called the? (4)

  16. The Greek Dark Age was a period of what? (4)

  17. The Archaic period in Greece began due to? (4)

  18. Why did the Greek poleis or city-states develop? (4)

  19. Close-formed ranks of soldiers, called up in times of war, were called? (4)

  20. The Greek concept of democracy included political participation by which group? (4)

  21. The Greeks believed that their gods gave advice through this means? (4)

  22. The Archaic Greek development of humanism, a lasting feature of Western civilization, was what? (4)

  23. Why did Sparta became a highly militarized society? (4)

  24. This sixth century B.C.E. Athenian politician divided the polis into four political classes. (4)

  25. What can be considered the symbol of Athenian naval success? (4)

  26. The three great Greek classical philosophers are? (4)

  27. Philip II planned to invade which area before his untimely death? (4)

  28. When Alexander the Great died, what became of his vast empire? (4)

  29. The Seleucid kingdom, after the death of Alexander, retained which portion of the empire? (4)

  30. The first Romans to reach China's court of Emperor Huan were envoys of which emperor? (5)

  31. The economic wealth of the early Roman state was based on what? (5)

  32. What was the role of the male in Roman society? (5)

  33. Two protracted and bloody wars against the Carthaginians were important because the outcome was? (5)

  34. As the numbers of independent farmers declined in the later Republic, Italian landowners increasingly turned to what? (5)

  35. What factor caused a decrease in small farms in the Late Roman Republic? (5)

  36. This emperor was responsible for the reorganization of the Roman government after 31 B.C.E.? (5)

  37. The main reason for the decline of the Roman Republic was? (5)

  38. One of the factors that most helped the growth of commerce in Rome was? (5)

  39. One of the most enduring consequences of the Roman Empire has been what? (5)

  40. Before 212 C.E., many people living outside Italy became Roman citizens—how? (5)

  41. How is the career of Paul an example of the "cosmopolitan" nature of the Roman Empire? (5)

  42. Why was becoming Christian considered an act of disloyalty in the Roman Empire? (5)

  43. The most visible symptom of Rome's "third-century crisis" was the? (5)

  44. Who reformed Rome in the third century C.E. and saved it from decline? (5)

  45. The conversion to Christianity of which Roman emperor ushered in a time of tolerance, acceptance, and eventual dominance of Christianity? (5)

  46. What city became the new imperial capital of the Roman Empire in 324 C.E.? (5)

  47. The competition among states in the Warring States Period resulted in what? (5)

  48. In an effort to increase his power, Shi Huangdi cracked down on? (5)

  49. Because of the influence of Confucian ethics, Chinese values emphasized what? (5)

  50. One of the great construction projects of Shi Huang-di was? (5)

  51. It was customary for young brides in China to do what? (5)

  52. The Qin ruler took the title Shi Huangdi, which meant? (5)

  53. The well-planned urban capital of the Han dynasty was? (5)

  54. In what way did Emperor Wu of the Han dynasty significantly differ from previous emperors? (5)

  55. The important Han innovations include the development of? (5)

  56. The leading export commodity of China during the Han was? (5)

  57. Three harvests each year have been possible in some parts of India due to? (6)

  58. The varna system developed in order to create what? (6)

  59. Race became an issue of class differentiation in the Vedic Age as the Aryas competed with the Dasas. The difference between them was what? (6)

  60. The reincarnation of the atman into a given class depends on what? (6)

  61. This is the collection of Indian poetic hymns dedicated to the various deities and describing sacred practices. (6)

  62. Release from the cycle of reincarnation is called what? (6)

  63. Siddhartha Gautama articulated the "Four Noble Truths," which taught what? (6)

  64. The ultimate spiritual reward in Buddhism is what? (6)

  65. A Buddhist who had found enlightenment was called this. (6)

  66. Hinduism can be described as an evolution of the Vedic religions because? (6)

  67. One of the most sacred places for pilgrimage in Hinduism is? (6)

  68. The Mauryan government united much of India after this person’s death? (6)

  69. The earliest deciphered Indian writing was? (6)

  70. Why did the Mauryan leader Ashoka converted to Buddhism and became a unique leader? (6)

  71. During the first centuries C.E., the two great epics of India take their final form; they are? (6)

  72. The major reason the Mauryan Empire collapsed was due to? (6)

  73. Why is the Gupta Empire described as a "theater-state?” (6)

  74. During the Gupta period, India developed an extensive land and sea trading network by exporting what products? (6)

  75. Why did the Gupta Empire collapse in 550 C.E. (6)

Chapters 4, 5, 6 Essays:

  • You will be required to write three of the six essays.

  • The three essays will be determined on the day of the test.


  • If the question is a “compare and contrast” question you MUST use terms such as, similar/similarly and different . . . etc.

  • You must use detailed facts—who, what, when, where, how, why, what is the significance . . . etc.

  • Must use “such as”—“because”—“for example.”

  • Always think “SPRIITTE”—social, political, religion, intellectual, invention, technology, trade, economic.

  • You MUST include dates and/or time periods—be specific.

  • Vague or partial answers will result in point deduction.

  1. How did geography and the environment affect Greek development?

  1. Describe and explain Persian religious beliefs during the height of the Persian Empire.

  1. Describe and explain the problems that led to the Roman Empire’s “third-century crisis.”

  1. Examine and discuss the methods used to create a unified empire in China and in Rome. Are Romanization and Legalism comparable methods—discus and explain both methods?

  1. Describe the rise and the decline and the importance of the Mauryan Empire. Be very detailed.

  1. Describe the rise and the decline and the importance of the Gupta Empire. Be very detailed.

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