Ap world History Chapter 18: Revolutions of Industrialization (1750-1914)

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AP World History
Chapter 18: Revolutions of Industrialization (1750-1914)
Essential/Guiding Questions:

  • What were the factors that led to the rise of industrial production? Why and how did industrialism begin in Europe, specifically in Great Britain?

  • What were the major developments in transportation and communication?

  • What were the social and political responses to industrialization in Britain, the United States, and the Russian Empire?

  • How was the process of industrialization and the response to it similar, and how did it differ, in the U.S. and Russia?

  • How did industrialization in Europe and North America impact Latin America in the nineteenth century?

Directions: Define the following terms for chapter one. Describe who or what it is and explain the significance or importance.
Industrial Revolution (Industrialization)

Steam engine


Middle Class


Reform Bill of 1832

Robert Owen

Communist Manifesto”

Bourgeoisie and Proletariat

Trade or labor “unions” (definition not in the text book)


Labour Party

Interchangeable parts, assembly line, “scientific management” (definitions are not in the textbook)

Henry Ford, Andrew Carnegie, J.D. Rockefeller

Labor “Strike”



Peter the Great


Vladimir Ulyanov (“Lenin”)



Mexican Revolution

Dependent development

banana republic” (see Wikipedia)


  1. What was so revolutionary about the Industrial Revolution (IR)?

  2. a. In what ways did the roots of the IR lie within Europe?

b. In what ways did that transformation have global roots?

  1. Why did the IR begin in Britain? In other words, what was so distinctive about Britain that made the IR possible there?

  2. How did the IR transform British society?

  3. a. How did Karl Marx view the IR?

b. How did he/his ideas impact the industrialized world of the nineteenth century?

6. How did the U.S. and Russia industrialize differently?

7. What factors contributed to the making of a revolutionary situation in Russia by the beginning

of the twentieth century?

8. a. In what ways and with what impact was Latin America linked to the global economy of the

nineteenth century?

b. Did Latin America follow European history or diverge from it in the nineteenth century?

9. Overall, was the IR a “gain” for human kind or a “loss”? Why do you agree, disagree or to

what extent?

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