Ap us history Unit 8 Terms Chapter 34 Francisco Franco

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Roe v. WadeEarl Warren, the Chief Justice had led the court into an era of extreme activism in social issues. Important decisions, such as Griswold v. Connecticut (1965 – struck down anti-contraception law), Gideon v. Wainwright (1963 – all defendants entitled to legal counsel), York Times v. Sullivan (1964 – ensured freedom of press), and Engle v. Vitale and School District of Abington v. Schempp (1962/3 – against required prayers and Bible reading in the public schools), led to great social change. Nixon undertook to change the Court’s philosophical complexion, and in 1969 the Senate confirmed his nomination of Warren E Burger of Minnesota as Chief Justice, and 3 other justices. Even so, the new court proved reluctant to reverse the actions of the Warren Court, and even produced the Roe v Wade decision in 1973, which legalized abortion.

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