Perestroika – Most commonly known as “restructuring” of the economy. Perestroika ended up as an ill-fated program to reform the Soviet economy in the late 1980s.
Glasnost – Most commonly known as “openness.” Under Gorbachev, Glasnost was a Soviet policy that opened up the political system and allowed for freedom of expression.
“New religious right” – Beginning in the 1980s, energized religious conservatives began to exert their political muscle in a cultural war. Jerry Falwell started the Moral Majority, consisting of evangelical Christians. 2-3 million registered as Moral Majority voters in its first two years. Using the power of media, the Moral Majority opposed sexual permissiveness, abortion, feminism, and homosexuality. In large part, the conservative movement of the 80s was an answer to the liberal movement of the 60s. The pendulum was swinging back. Conservatives viewed America as being hijacked in the 60s by a minority of radicals with political aims; the conservatives saw themselves as taking back America.