Leonid Brezhnev – Carter signed the SALT II agreements with Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev, but the U.S. Senate refused to ratify it.
Edward Kennedy – Edward Kennedy was a Senator from Massachusetts and the last of the Kennedy brothers. In 1979, he said that he was going to challenge Carter for the presidency, but his involvement in the Chappaquiddick incident back in 1969, which was a fatal car crash that killed a girl, handicapped his campaign.
Walter Mondale – Mondale was the vice president during Carter’s administration. Later, Carter won the Democratic nomination for president in 1984, but he was defeated by a landslide by Reagan. Mondale was the first presidential candidate to have a woman vice presidential candidate, Geraldine Ferraro.
Mikhail Gorbachev – Foreign policy issues dominated Reagan’s second term, one that saw the rise of Mikhail Gorbachev, a personable, energetic leader who announced two new Soviet policies: glasnost, or “openness,” which aimed to introduce free speech and political liberty to the Soviet Union, and perestroika, or “restructuring,” which meant that the Soviets would move toward adopting free-market economies similar to those in the West. At a summit meeting at Geneva in 1985, Gorbachev introduced the idea of ceasing the deployment of intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF). At a second meeting at Reykjavik, Iceland, in November 1985, there was stalemate. At the third one in Washington D.C., the treaty was finally signed, banning all INF’s from Europe. The final summit at Moscow saw Reagan warmly praising the Soviet chief for trying to end the Cold War