Rachel Carson – In 1962, Rachel Carson boosted the environmental movement with her book Silent Spring, which exposed the disastrous effects of pesticides.
George McGovern – Vietnam continued to be a burning issue, and in the spring of 1972 the fighting escalated once again, spurring the rise of South Dakota Senator George McGovern to the 1972 Democratic nomination. Promising a 90-day pullout from Vietnam, McGovern lost popularity because he alienated the traditional working-class backbone of his party by appealing to racial minorities, feminists, leftists and youth. Moreover, McGovern’s running mate, Thomas Eagleton, had undergone psychiatric care that forced his removal from the ticket and thus doomed his candidacy. Nixon won the election by a landslide, fed by Kissinger’s proclamation that peace was nearby. He won 520-17 in the electoral college and by a popular majority of 47/17 million to 29.17 million. In truth, peace was still far away, and a cease-fire agreement was reached on January 23, 1973.