Ap us history Unit 8 Terms Chapter 34 Francisco Franco

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Watergate scandal – A select Senate committee conducted a prolonged and widely televised series of hearings in which John Dean III, a former White House lawyer, testified to the involvements of the president in the cover-up of the Washington break-in. When it was discovered that tapes of the entire presidency existed, Nixon refused to give them up. He took refuge behind the principles of separation of powers and executive privilege. VP Agnew was forced to resign over claims of accepting bribes, and Congress chose to replace Agnew with Gerald Ford. Ten days afterwards came the “Saturday Night Massacre” (October 20, 1973) – Archibald Cox issued a subpoena for relevant tapes and other documents from the White House, and then the attorney general and deputy attorney general both resigned when they refused to fire Cox on Nixon’s orders. Responding at last to the House Judiciary Committee’s demand for the Watergate tapes, Nixon agreed in the spring of 1974 to the publication of some portions of the tapes, but nothing incrimination. On July 24, 1974, the president suffered a disastrous setback when the Supreme Court ruled that “executive privilege” gave him no right to withhold the tapes, and Nixon complied. When Nixon released more of the tapes on August 5, 1974, the public backlash proved overwhelming. Nixon resigned on August 8, 1974, and Ford became President.

CREEP – Nixon’s electoral triumph was soon sullied by the Watergate scandals. On June 17, 1972, a bungled burglary had occurred in the Democratic headquarters, located in the Watergate office complex in Washington. Five men were arrested, who had been working for the Republican Committee for the Re-election of the President. CREEP had used espionage and sabotage against Democratic candidates in the campaign of 1972. This proved to be only the start, and by early 1974, 29 people had been indicted, had pleaded guilty, or had been convicted of Watergate-related crimes.

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