Ap us history Unit 8 Terms Chapter 34 Francisco Franco

Chapter 35 A. Phillip Randolph

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Chapter 35

A. Phillip Randolph – The war proved a demographic cauldron, churning and shifting the American population. Many of the 15 million men and women in uniform, chose not go home at the war’s end, while war industries sucked people into boomtowns such as Los Angeles, Detroit, and Seattle. California’s population grew by nearly 2 million. FDR also used the war to boost the South’s economy, and gave them a disproportionate share of defense contracts, including $6 billion of federally financed industrial facilities. Also, some 1.6 million blacks left the South to find jobs in the war plants of the West and the North, making race relations a national issue. The migration was aided by the advent of the mechanical cotton picker, which reduced the need for black labor in the South. Explosive tensions developed over employment, housing, and segregation. In 1941, black leader AP Randolph, head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, threatened a massive march on Washington in 1941 to demand equal opportunities for blacks in war jobs and in the armed forces.

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