Ap us history Summer Assignment 2015-2016



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AP US History

Summer Assignment

2015-2016
Instructors:

Susan Schock sschock@wcpss.net

Jennifer Holland jholland2@wcpss.net
Your summer assignment consists of three parts. Assignments are due the first day of class and must be handwritten.


  1. Textbook Reading: Complete the questions listed on the assignment using the on-line American History textbook found at the link below. You will be reading the sections titled The First Americans, Exploration and Discovery, and the 17th Century. Please answer in complete sentences. Reading assignments are due the first day of school.

http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/

(Copy and paste if link does not work with a click.)



  1. Independent Reading: Choose 2 books to read from the lists provided and complete a review for each. If a book you would like to read is not on the list please e-mail an instructor for approval of your selection. Book Reviews are due the first day of school.

  2. Unit 1 Words, Terms and People (Set A): Use resources available on-line to complete appropriate definitions and/or descriptions that explain why each is important to the study of US History. This assignment is due the first day of school.

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Please complete all assignments individually. All assignments must be handwritten.

Wakefield High School Honor Code:



The students of Wakefield High School are committed to being honest and responsible in the completion of academic materials and interactions with the school administration and community. Cheating, stealing, plagiarism (passing off another's work, words, or ideas as one's own), and lying (including willful distortion or misrepresentation) are considered violations of the Honor Code.  Through a joint fulfillment of this code, students and faculty will achieve their fullest potential in academic excellence and character.

Reading Assignments:
Part 1: The First Americans
Correcting Myths and Misconceptions

  1. What are the various myths and misconceptions about the first Americans?

  2. How were Native Americans dynamic agents of change?


Origins

  1. What proof exists that Native Americans were present in the New World thousands of years earlier than most 20th century scholars believed? At what point does existing evidence suggest the first Americans arrived in North America?

  2. Identify: Beringia

  3. How does physical anthropology support the notion that the first Americans came from Northeast Asia?

  4. Why did the first Americans spread quickly across North and South America?


Prehistoric Patterns of Change

  1. Why were the discoveries in Colorado and New Mexico significant to our modern understanding of Native Americans?

  2. What was the most important crop that the Native Americans learned to cultivate?


The Cultures of Prehistoric America

  1. What evidence exists that proves the first Europeans to arrive in the New World were “arrogant” and “ethnocentric”?

  2. Describe how Native American groups were able to adapt to each of the following regions. Include the Native groups who settled in each region.

  1. Alaska

  2. Northwest Pacific Coast

  3. Southwest

  4. Midwest and Southeast

  1. What group of the Mississippian culture survived long enough to be described by Europeans?


Native America on the Eve of Contact

  1. Describe how European colonizers were able to exploit the Native Americans. Discuss the tribes that lived in the Southwest and the Southeast.

  2. What were the major tribes of the eastern woodlands?

  3. What happened to the Algonquians? Why?

  4. What was the Iroquois League? How was the league governed?

  5. Describe the role of women in Iroquois society.


Kinship and Religion

  1. What were characteristics Native American societies shared?

  2. What were the two primary forms of Native American religious expression identified by scholars? What was emphasized in each?


Part 2: Exploration and Discovery
The Significance of 1492

  1. How did the year 1492 transform the environment and human cultures of the New World?

  2. How did it change the Old World?

  3. What three worlds collided in America?

  4. How did Sir Thomas More’s Utopia reflect the discovery and exploration of the New World?


European Commercial and Financial Expansion

  1. How did the nation of Portugal influence European expansion?

  2. What areas of the New World were settled by the Portuguese?


Slavery and Spanish Colonization

  1. Why did the Spanish begin to rely on African slaves?

  2. How many African slaves came to the New World between 1492 and 1820?

The Meaning of America

  1. What were the two European perspectives of the New World? Which one remained dominant?


The Black Legend

  1. What was the “Black Legend” and how did it influence English involvement in the New World?

  2. Identify Bartolomé de las Casas.


Part 3: 17th Century
European Colonization North of Mexico

  1. Explain the reasons for the lack of success by European nations in founding permanent colonies in North America prior to the seventeenth century?

  2. What were reasons for greater success in planting colonies in the seventeenth century?

  3. Why was English migration larger and more gender-balanced than other European nations?

  4. How was religious persecution a powerful force for motivating English colonization?

  5. Describe the various economies of European North American settlements?

  6. In what ways did Britain’s North American colonies offer greater social equality for white men than England?

  7. Contrast population growth in the British North American colonies with Britain.


Spanish Colonization

  1. Summarize Spanish colonization in North America. Include motivation, major settlements, culture, and racial attitudes.


English Colonization Begins

  1. How did the English view North American in the early tomid-sixteenth century? How did this change by the end of the century?

  2. How did the enclosure movement influence migration from England?

  3. Describe the events and issues that challenged the colony of Jamestown. Include the role of the environment and John Smith.

  4. Describe the colony of early Virginia. Include the environment, the role of tobacco, and indentured servitude in your response.


Slavery Takes Root in Colonial Virginia

  1. Why did the need for African slaves increase after 1660?

  2. What was the status of African slaves in 17th century Virginia?

  3. What point is made by historian Edmund S. Morgan about the hardening of racial lines?

  4. How did Bacon’s Rebellion influence the need for slaves?


Founding New England

  1. Explain the significance of Puritanism in England and how it motivated settlement to North America.

  2. Who was William Bradford?

  3. Who was Squanto?


The Puritans

  1. How did the New England Puritans help shape American values?

  2. Discuss the stereotype of Puritans and explain the ways in which it is incorrect.

  3. Who was John Winthrop?

The Puritan Idea of the Covenant

  1. What was the Puritan idea of the covenant?


Regional Contrasts

  1. Explain the significant demographic and economic differences between the Chesapeake region and New England.


Dimensions of Change in Colonial New England

  1. How did religious disagreements help create new colonies? Include the ideas of Thomas Hooker and Roger Williams.

  2. What caused the Puritan community to “fray”?

  3. What conflicts between New England colonists and Native Americans brought change? How?


The Salem Witch Scare

  1. What social stresses contributed to the Salem Witch Scare?


Slavery in the Colonial North

  1. Describe slavery in the northern colonies including population and division of labor.


Struggles for Power in Colonial America

  1. What were the two parallel struggles for power in eastern North America in the late seventeenth and early to mid-eighteenth centuries? How many times did this struggle for dominance occur between 1689 and 1763?


Diversity in Colonial America

  1. What was the mercantilist idea about colonial government?

  2. How did the diversity of the colonies make it impossible to confine colonial development to a predetermined design?


The Middle Colonies: New York

  1. What nation first claimed New York? What groups settled there?

  2. When and why did New York become a British colony?

  3. Explain the significance of the “patroon” system.


Fear of Slave Revolts

  1. What accounted for the fear of slave insurrections?

  2. What was the usual result of slave insurrections?


The Middle Colonies: William Penn’s Holy Commonwealth

  1. Describe the beliefs and actions of early Quakers?

  2. Who was William Penn?

  3. How did the beliefs of the Quakers impact the colony of Pennsylvania?


The Southernmost Colonies: The Carolinas and Georgia

  1. What became the staple crop of South Carolina?

  2. What was the Stono Rebellion?

  3. Describe the Indian-white warfare of North Carolina.

  4. What was the one colony prior to the Revolution that attempted to prohibit slavery and why was it unable to do so permanently?

Independent Reading: Two books of your choice; Book Reviews must be handwritten.

Links to use that will assist in writing your book reviews.

http://teacher.scholastic.com/writewit/bookrev/

http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/pamphlets/book_reviews.shtml

Reading Selections: Use the list of books below to choose appropriate books for summer reading. Please choose a book you have not read and are not required to read for another course.

Non-Fiction Books:

The 18th Century

1776. David McCullough

American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson. Joseph Ellis.

The Constitution: A Documentary and Narrative History. Page Smith.

Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation. Joseph Ellis.

Founding Mothers: The Women Who Raised Our Nation. Cokie Roberts

The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763-1789. Robert Middlekauff

John Adams. David G. McCullough

A Midwife’s Tale: The Life of Martha Ballard. Laurel Thatcher Ulrich.

A More Perfect Union: The Making of the United States Constitution. William Peters

A Struggle for Power: The American Revolution. Theodore Draper

Thomas Jefferson: A Strange Case of Mistaken Identity. Alf J. Mapp Jr.

The 19th Century

The Age of Jackson. Arthur Schlesinger.

American Lion: Andrew Jackson in the White House. Jon Meacham

All the Laws But One. William H. Rehnquist

The Americans: The National Experience. Daniel Boorstin

Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. James McPherson.

Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee: An Indian History of the American West. Dee Brown.

Chancellorsville. Stephen Sears.

A Century of Dishonor. Helen Hunt Jackson

Frontier Thesis: The Frontier in American History. Frederick Jackson Turner

The Impending Crisis, 1848-1861. David M Potter

Landscape Turned Red. Stephen Sears.

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. Frederick Douglass.

Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant. Ulysses S. Grant.

The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt. Edmund Morris.

A Short History of Reconstruction. Eric Foner

Son of the Morning Star. Evan S. Connell

With Malice Toward None. Stephen B. Oates

The 20th Century

All The President's Men. Carl Bernstein & Bob Woodward.

Americans at War. Stephen E. Ambrose.

At Dawn We Slept: The Untold Story of Pearl Harbor. Gordon W. Prange

The Autobiography of Malcolm X. Alex Haley

The Feminine Mystique. Betty Friedan

Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam. Frances Fitzgerald

Freedom From Fear: The United States, 1929-1943. David M. Kennedy.

Glory and the Dream: A Narrative History of America, 1932-1972. William Manchester

Grand Expectations: The United States, 1945-1974. James T. Patterson.

Only Yesterday: An Informal History of the 1920s. Frederick Lewis Allen

Over Here: The First World War and American Society. David M. Kennedy

Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-63. Taylor Branch

A Rumor of War. Philip Caputo

Standing at Armageddon: The United States 1877-1919. Nell Irvin Painter.

Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr. Ron Chernow.

The Victors: Eisenhower and His Boys: The Men of World War II. Stephen E. Ambrose

Vietnam: A History. Stanely Karnow

We Band of Angels: The Untold Story of American Nurses Trapped on Bataan by the Japanese. Elizabeth M. Norman

Words, Terms and People (handwritten definitions required)
1. Indentured servants

2. Trade and Navigation Acts

3. Mayflower Compact

4. Roger Williams

5. Great Puritan Migration

6. New England Confederation

7. Jonathan Edwards

8. Halfway Covenant

9. Salem Witch Trials

10. “City upon a hill” (as used by John Winthrop)

11. William Penn

12. Quakers

13. Proprietary, royal, charter colonies

14. New England, Middle, and Southern colonies

15. Peter Zenger Trial

16. King Philip’s War

17. George Whitefield

18. First Great Awakening

19. Mercantilism

20. Bacon’s Rebellion

21. Harvard College

22. Middle Passage

23. Phyllis Wheatley

24. Puritans

25. Pilgrims/ Separatists

26. House of Burgesses

27. Anne Hutchinson

28. William Bradford

29. French Indian War

30. John Locke

31. Iroquois Confederacy

32. Headright system

33. Salutary Neglect

34. Albany Plan



35. James Oglethorpe


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