Senator Stephen A. Douglas managed to engineer the Compromise of 1850 by
winning the endorsement of President Zachary Taylor for the Compromise
letting the southern Democrats dictate the terms of the Compromise
securing passage of the different parts of the Compromise as separate laws
threatening to remove political opponents from important congressional committees
a policy of conciliation for all factions
Which of the following statements regarding the draft and the Union Army is true?
More than half of the men serving in the Union Army were draftees.
Congress passed the draft law at the beginning of the Civil War.
A potential draftee could hire a substitute or buy his way out of service.
There was widespread support for the draft because of the patriotism generated by the war.
The minimum draft age was set at sixteen.
The South hoped to gain diplomatic recognition and active support from Great Britain because
slavery was still legal in the British Empire
British public opinion generally supported the South
British factories needed Southern cotton
Britain wanted the help of the South to regain the Oregon Territory
the North had placed high tariffs on British goods
During the Civil War, African Americans in the North
were not allowed to join the Union Army
fought in segregated regiments
were allowed to join the Union Army but saw no combat
were integrated into white regiments
were permitted to select their own officers
Which of the following statements about the Emancipation Proclamation is NOT accurate?
It immediately freed all slaves living in the United States.
It freed slaves only in the Confederacy or in areas of active rebellion.
It led to the creation of all-black units in the Union Army.
It was issued in part because slave labor was helping the Confederate cause.
It gave the North a high moral reason for continuing the war.
“Forty acres and a mule” refers to
the proposal to make freed slaves small-scale farmers
the terms of the Homestead Act of 1862
the allotment given to Native Americans under the Dawes Severalty Act
the inducement given recent immigrants if they would settle outside of urban centers
a typical homestead on the Great Plains in the 1870s
“Under our system of railroad ownership, an excessive competition exists for the business of all competing points, while the local business of the various competing lines in an absolute monopoly. This has naturally resulted in compelling the corporations to do through business at rates often ruinously unremunerative, which again has compelled those companies to recoup themselves for their losses and secure their profits by excessive charges on the local traffic.”
This passage explains which problem that farmers faced in the late nineteenth century?
prices charged by grain-elevator operators
high protective tariffs
long versus short hauls
Open-range ranching came to an end due to
overproduction of beef and declining prices
federal support for irrigated agriculture
the range wars between cattlemen and sheepherders
fencing of the plains with barbed wire
increase in cattle production in the Midwest and East
Which of the following best illustrates government support for the construction of the first transcontinental railroad?
open immigration from China
the exchange of Union Pacific stock for federal bonds
creation of the Credit Mobilier construction company
the grant of thousands of acres of public lands to the railroads
preference in hiring to Union Army veterans
A major factor in the drastic decline of the Plains Indians in the nineteenth century was
their placement on reservations
the escalation of intertribal wars aided by modern weapons
the hunting of the buffalo to near extinction
the loss of military leadership when important chiefs were killed or imprisoned
their failure to live up to treaty obligations
The first federal law to restrict immigration, passed in 1882, was aimed at
stopping Mexicans from crossing the border without first obtaining a visa
excluding Chinese immigrants
stopping immigration from eastern Europe
restricting the number of people coming into the United States
preventing smuggling of illegal aliens over the Canadian border
The first nationality excluded from immigrating to the United States was the