1.) Describe the changes in American demographics between 1820 and 1860.
population in America were increasing rapidly people from the countryside moved to the cities to work there more people lived in the cities than the countryside
health care advanced, people got more healthier women gave birth to more children average women can have around 6 children population increased even faster
immigrations also increased brought new nationalities to America mostly the Irish and Germans immigrated here because of troubles in their home country Irish and German’s immigration caused a change in American population American population had different nationalities now creation of nativism, discrimination towards immigrants many people became more nativist
social classes: many of the Irish and Germans were poor, unskilled, and uneducated so they created a poor social class in America's society wasn't a good thing for America
Germans didn't settle in the cities a lot and many of them were middle class people and the Americans didn't hate them as much got on the good side of Americans
Irish on the other hand settled more in the cities and they were mostly really poor people their religion was Catholic and the Americana’s religion was Protestant difference in religion created more hatred for Americans towards the Irish
2.) to what extent did the Erie Canal and the early railroads change America?
It increased the speed of deliveries and transportation in between the nation messages such as letters and documents travelled more quickly and reached to their destination more faster than before speeds up the whole process
connected parts of America together, such as the Northeast and the Northwest
connected to the Great Lakes provided a quicker, faster way for the manufactured goods in made in the west to be brought over to the east so they can sell it off helped speed up the demand for goods helped the economy as well
3.) What is an Industrial revolution? Identify and describe the 3 most important advancements of communication and technology during the Industrial Revolution of mid-19th American.
Industrial Revolution: a rapid change in which communication, transportation, and work places advanced in their own way to help America benefit at that time provided a new economic structure for America more and different types of businesses were opened in America new technology helped advance work advance work helped the economy develop even more development of new industries and labor affected society such as women and their roles, worked more outside of homes modern capitalism
communication: advances in transportation also made communication a lot better than before, a message from one state to another state usually took a longer time and by the time the other state/person receives the message then it's already too late with the advance in transportation such as the railroads and steamboats and the Erie Canal, not only did it helped increase the speed of trade but it also helped increase the speed for communication, messages and such reached to the other person in a shorter amount of time than before. also the telegraph helped messages travel even faster than compared to the railroads and such, also the Associated Press: a group, promoted cooperatives news gathering by wire faster way of collecting and distributing news
transportation: steamboats were created and it helped the south with its trades and transportation to New Orleans created a faster route for their trades; Erie Canal and railroads were created, Erie canal helped parts in America to connect to the Great Lakes, it made a faster and quicker route for the manufactured goods made in the west to reach to the east for them to sell, but this only helped the Northwest and Northeast and it somewhat excluded the South
technology: the development of the railroads, canals, steamboats, telegraph and the Associated Press helped better the country in a way, it created many advancements for the country and it helped turn the country into a modern society with all these technologies
industry: changed along with the businesses with technology and such they can produce many goods in a short amount of time with the workers just doing a part of it this saved time from teaching the workers how to make the goods and increased jobs for people increased the amount of workers and profits
labor: in the early 1800's many of the workers were Americans and so labor was fair, but then in the middle of the 1800's the labor began to change due to the immigration immigrants were paid less and still had to do the same amount of hours/work as a regular worker immigrants were new to America and so they were fooled into having a job that provided them with a low wage
5.) Why did the Northeast and the Northwest became more interdependent while the South became more isolated during the 1840s and the 1850s?
Northeast and Northwest cooperated with one another Northwest manufactures goods and delivers them to Northeast and Northeast does the selling they both had a very similar economy Erie Canal and railroads also connected them together
while the Erie Canal and railroads connected the Northeast and Northwest it left the South out few railroads were reached there, not connected with the South northwest and Northeast sent goods back and forth to each other and this had also left the South out South had a very different economy structure than the North, their economy was mostly centered around agriculture North wanted to create an industrial economy while the South wanted to have a very agrarian economy
6.) Describe women's roles in society during the middle of the 19th century – make sure to compare the Cult of Domesticity to Republican Motherhood.
Republican Motherhood: describes that a women's role is to remain at home and do their household jobs while their husbands were outside working hard to earn money and support the family men support the family by working outside of homes and women supported family by staying at home and keeping everything nice and organize and ran the household nicely also their job was to teach and educate their children to become good citizens so that they can contribute to the society train them and teach them about the America history and government teach children the virtues of being a good citizen of America create the next Washington
Industrial Revolution happened caused the women to work more outside of homes this meant that the women spent more time out of their home and since there's no one at home it meant that no one was teaching the next generation of how to become good citizens of America people believed that this will hurt the future of America many believed that women weren't doing their right job as women women are becoming too involved in the society and economy men believed that women were beginning to care less about the family and before they get too involved in the society outside of home they wanted to get them back working at home
Cult of Domesticity: women should be more at home than working outside a movement where magazines and books were published that discussed about women's virtues and roles tried to get women back home and doing their rightful jobs