49. The medium that first allowed public officials to reach the public in a relatively unfiltered manner was
the national magazine.
the national newspaper.
the New York Times.
the wire service.
50. A member of Congress who wishes to maximize his or her news media attention is well advised to
propose increasing taxes.
propose lowering taxes.
praise the president.
attack the president.
author new legislation.
51. In recent years, __________ have particularly turned away from political news.
52. Most of the national news that local papers publish comes from
their own news staffs.
53. The text suggests that radio and television stations often decide what to broadcast by looking at
official reports of the government.
White House press releases.
the front pages of the New York Times and the Washington Post.
All of the above
54. The television weekly 60 Minutes runs a segment on the role of local politicians in the drug trade. The issue soon becomes the subject of national debate. In these circumstances, 60 Minutes is acting as
B and C.
55. Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution prevents the government from censoring the media?
None of the above
56. The media typically report presidential elections as horse races because of the media’s role as
mirror of reality.
57. The national media often play the role of watchdog. This means that they can
influence public opinion on most issues.
influence what subjects become national political issues.
prevent certain politicians from winning office by not covering their campaigns.
identify their audience and cultivate a lasting relationship.
rely on paid advertising from multiple sources.
get their national news from wire services.
operate profitably while still providing balanced news coverage.
have a government license to operate.
59. If a communication is “on background,” then
the reporter can quote an official by name.
what an official says cannot be used.
what an official says can be used but may not be attributed to him or her by name.
what the official says cannot be attributed to anyone, even an anonymous source.
the reporters can quote an official by name with a court order.
60. Which of the following statements about newspapers during the early years of the republic is true?
They were cheaper than today.
They made little or no attempt to appear objective.
They were supported by paid advertising.
They were read avidly by both the elite and the masses.
They were generally objective.
AP Unit 3 Test
Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. A