Ap u. S. History Unit 5: Sectionalism, Civil War, & Reconstruction



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AP U. S. History

Unit 5: Sectionalism, Civil War, & Reconstruction

Textbook chapters

Maps & documents

Chapter 14

Chapter 15

Chapter 16

Chapter 17



Scott v. Sanford

Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address

The Gettysburg Address

Second Inaugural Address



Black Code Laws

Essential questions: [At the end of this unit you should be able to answer all of the following using specific names, dates, locations, events (i.e. proper nouns!), to demonstrate your understanding of the significant concepts listed below.]

  1. Assess the impact of THREE of the following on the decision of the United States to go to war with Mexico.

Manifest Destiny
the Rio Grande boundary dispute
the annexation of Texas
Slidell's mission

  1. By the 1850s the Constitution, originally framed as an instrument of national unity, had become a source of sectional discord and tension and ultimately contributed to the failure of the union it had created. Using your knowledge of the period 1850-1861, assess the validity of this statement.




  1. The sectional compromises of the first half of the nineteenth century were not in face compromises but rather "sectional sellouts" in which the North gave in to the insistent demands of the slaveholding South. Assess the validity of this statement.




  1. "A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free." Examine the significance of this statement by Abraham Lincoln in light of the growing sectionalism in the preCivil War United States.




  1. How did Congress respond to the problem of slavery in the territories? Give specific examples.




  1. How did the problem of slavery in the territories create tensions that contributed to the breakup of the Union in 186-61?

  2. Analyze the economic consequences of the Civil War with respect to any TWO of the following in the United States between 1865 and 1880.

agriculture
labor
industrialization
transportation

  1. "With the end of Reconstruction, we in the South can now return to our normal lives." Examine the significance of this statement for both whites and blacks in the post-Reconstruction American South.

Know the following.   Be prepared to identify, define, and explain the significance of the people, places, and events listed below.  They appear roughly in the order in which they appear in the text chapters, left to right, top to bottom.

Wilmot Proviso

popular sovereignty

Free-Soil Party

omnibus bill

Fugitive Slave Law

“Compromise” of 1850

nativism

Kansas-Nebraska Act

Ostend Manifesto

American (Know-Nothing) party

Republican party

“Bleeding Kansas”

John Brown

“slave-power” conspiracy

John C. Fremont

cultural sectionalism (religion, literature)

Harriet Beecher Stowe

southern “cultural and economic nationalism”

Roger Brooke Taney

Dred Scott v. Sandford

Lecompton constitution

Lincoln-Douglas debates

Freeport doctrine

Harper’s Ferry raid

“Helperism”

secession

cooperationist

Jefferson Davis

Crittenden Compromise

Fort Sumter

border states

martial law

total war

“offensive defense”

anaconda plan

two-front war

conscription

greenbacks

habeas corpus

George McClellan

Mason & Slidell & the Trent affair

New York Riot of 1863

lynching

Clement Vallandigham

copperheads

Vicksburg

Gettysburg

Ulysses S. Grant

William Tecumseh Sherman

Appomattox Courthouse

Sanitary Commission

Robert Smalls

Ten Percent Plan

Radical Republicans

Wade-Davis Bill

pocket veto

Presidential Reconstruction

13th Amendment

Black Codes

Freedmen’s Bureau

Civil Rights Act of 1866

14th Amendment

Congressional or “Radical” Reconstruction

Reconstruction Acts 1867 & 1868

Tenure of Office Act

“forty acres and a mule”

contract labor system

sharecropping

carpetbaggers

scalawags

Blanche Bruce

Hiram Revels

“hard” money v. “soft” money

15th Amendment

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Susan B. Anthony

Lucy Stone

Ku Klux Klan

Force Acts (Ku Klux Klan acts)

spoilsmen

Crédit Mobilier

Whiskey Ring

Indian Ring

Compromise of 1877

“waving the bloody shirt”

Redeemers

Old South agrarianism

New South industrialism

laissez-faire

crop-lien system

Jim Crow

disfranchisement

convict-lease system

Civil Rights Act of 1875

“unfinished revolution”



Suggestions for required and extra work outside readings:



  1. Uncle Tom’s Cabin, by Harriet Beecher Stowe. This is one of the two novels that are pre-approved for outside reading.

  2. Chapter 5, “Abraham Lincoln and the Self-Made Myth” from The American Political Tradition: And the Men Who Made It1, by Richard Hofstadter.

  3. Any 30 to 50 pages from What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815-1848, by Daniel Walker Howe. There are excellent chapters on the 2nd Great Awakening, the reformers in the 1830’s and 1840’s, and the Mexican War.

  4. Any 30 to 50 pages from Battle Cry Of Freedom: The Civil War Era, by James M McPherson.

  5. If you are specifically interested in the battles or military history of the Civil War, I suggest readings from two excellent battle histories written by Stephen Sears, Landscape Turned Red about the Battle of Antietam, or Chancellorsville. I can make other recommendations, if necessary.

1 This book is available in the library media center as part of an AP U. S. History Reserved Section. There are multiple copies available that will only be checked out to AP U. S. History students. Go to the desk and let Ms Fidel know that you are an AP U. S. History student who wishes to check out this book.

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