Ap guidelines for United States history Pre Columbian societies



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AP guidelines for United States history

1. Pre Columbian societies

1.1 early inhabitants of the Americans

1.2 American Indian empires in Mesoamerica, the southwest, and the Mississippi valley

1.3 American Indian cultures of North America at the time of European contact



2. Transatlantic encounters and colonial beginnings, 1942-1690

2.1 First European contacts with Native Americans

2.2 Spain’s empire in North America

2.3 French colonization of Canada

2.4 English settlement of New England, the mid-Atlantic region, and the south

2.5 From servitude to slavery in the Chesapeake region

2.6 Religious diversity in the American colonies

2.7 Resistance to colonial authority: Bacon’s Rebellion, the Glorious Revolution, and the Pueblo Revolt



3. Colonial North America, 1690-1754

3.1 Population growth and immigration

3.2 Transatlantic trade and the growth of seaports

3.3 The eighteenth-century back country

3.4 Growth of plantation economies and slave societies

3.5 The Enlightment and the Great Awakening

3.6 Colonial governments and imperial policy in British North America

4. The American Revolutionary Era, 1754- 1789

4.1 The French and Indian War

4.2 The Imperial Crisis and resistance to Britain

4.3 The War for Independence

4.4 State constitutions and the Articles of Confederation

4.5 The federal Constitution



5. The early Republic 1789-1815

5.1 Washington, Hamilton, and shaping of the national government

5.2 Emergence of political parties: Federalists and Republicans

5.3 Republican Motherhood and education for women

5.4 Beginnings of the second Great Awakening

5.5 Significance of Jefferson’s presidency

5.6 Expansion into the trans- Appalachian West: American Indian resistance

5.7 Growth of slavery and free Black communities

5.8 The War of 1812 and its consequences

6 Transformations of the Economy and Society in the Antebellum America

6.1 The transportation revolution and creation of a national market economy

6.2 Beginnings of industrialization and changes in social and class structures

6.3 Immigration and nativist reaction

6.4 Planters, yeoman farmers, and slaves in the cotton South

7. The Transformation of politics in Antebellum America

7.1 Emergence of the second party system

7.2 Federal authority and its opponents: judicial federalism, the Bank War, tariff controversy, and states’ rights debates

7.3 Jacksonian democracy and its successes and limitations



8. Religion, Reform, and Renaissance in Antebellum America

8.1 Evangelical protestant revivalism

8.2 Social reforms

8.3 Ideals of domesticity

8.4 Transcendentalism and utopian communities

8.5 American Renaissance: literacy and artistic expressions



9. Territorial Expansion and Manifest Destiny

9.1 Forced removal of American Indians to the trans-Mississippi West

9.2 Western migration and cultural interactions

9.3 Territorial acquisitions

9.4 Early U.S imperialism: the Mexican War

10. The Crisis of the Union

10.1 Pro- and antislavery arguments and conflicts

10.2 Compromise of 1850 and popular sovereignty

10.3 The Kansas-Nebraska act and the emergence of the Republican Party

10.4 Abraham Lincoln, the election of 1860, and secession

11. Civil War

11.1 Two societies at war: mobilizations, resources, and internal dissent

11.2 Military strategies and foreign diplomacy

11.3 Emancipation and the role of African Americans in the war

11.4 Social, political. And economic effects of war in the North, South and West

12. Reconstruction

12.1 Presidential and Radical Reconstruction

12.2 Southern state governments: aspirations, achievements, failures

12.3 Role of African Americans in politics, education, and the economy

12.4 Compromise of 1877

12.5 Impact of Reconstruction



13. The Origins of the New South

13.1 Reconfiguration of southern agriculture: sharecropping and crop lien system

13.2 Expansion of manufacturing and industrialization

13.3 The politics of segregation: Jim Crow laws and disfranchisement



14. Development of the West in the late Nineteenth century

14.1 Expansion and development of western railroads

14.2 Competitors for the West: miners, ranchers, homesteaders, and American Indians

14.3 Government policy toward American Indians

14.4 Gender, race, and ethnicity in the far West

14.5 Environmental impacts of western settlement



15. Industrial America in the Late Nineteenth Century

15.1 Corporate consolidation of industry

15.2 Effects of technological development on the worker and workplace

15.3 Labor and unions

15.4 National politics and influence of corporate power

15.5 Migration and immigration: the changing face of the nation

15.6 Proponents and opponents of the new order, e.g., Social Darwinism and Social Gospel
16. Urban society in the late nineteenth century

16.1 Urbanization and the lure of the city

16.2 City problems and machine politics

16.3 Intellectual and cultural movements and popular entertainment



17. Populism and Progressivism

17.1 Agrarian discontent and political issues of the late nineteenth century

17.2 origins of progressive reform: municipal, state, and national

17.3 Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson as Progressive presidents

17.4 Women’s roles: family, workplace, education, politics, and reform

17.5 Black America: urban migration and civil rights initiatives



18. The Emergence of America as a World Power

18.1 American imperialism: political and economic expansion

18.2 War in Europe and American neutrality

18.3 The First World War at home and abroad

18.4 Treaty of Versailles

18.5 Society and economy in the postwar years



19. The New Era: 1920’s

19.1 The business of America and the consumer economy

19.2 Republican politics: Harding, Coolidge, Hoover

19.3 The culture of modernism: science the arts, and entertainment

19.4 responses to modernism: religious fundamentalism, nativism, and prohibition

19.5 The ongoing struggle for equality: African Americans and women



20. The great Depression and the New Deal

20.1 Causes of the Great Depression

20.2 The Hoover administration’s response

20.3 Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the New Deal

20.4 Labor and union recognition

20.5 The New Deal coalition and its critics from the Right and the Left

20.6 Surviving hard times: American society during the Great Depression

21. The Second World War

21.1 The rise of fascism and militarism in Japan, Italy, and Germany

21.2 Prelude to war: policy of neutrality

21.3 The attack on Peal Harbor and United States declaration of war

21.4 Fighting a multifront war

21.5 Diplomacy, war aims, and wartime conferences

21.6 The United States as a global power in the Atomic Age

22. The Home Front during the War

22.1 Wartime mobilization of the economy

22.2 Urban Migration and demographic changes

22.3 Women, work, and family during the war

22.4 Civil liberties and civil rights during wartime

22.5 War and regional development

22.6 Expansion of government power

23 The United States and the Early Cold War

23.1 Origins of the Cold War

23.2 Truman and Containment

23.3 The Cold War in Asia: China, Korea, Vietnam, Japan

23.4 Diplomatic strategies and policies of the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations

23.5 The Red Scare and McCarthyism

23.6 Impact of the Cold War on American society

24. The 1950’s

24.1 Emergence of the modern civil rights movement

24.2 The affluent society and “the other America”

24.3 Consensus and conformity: suburbia and middle-class America

24.4 Social critics, nonconformists, and cultural rebels

24.5 Impact of changes in science, technology, and medicine



25. The turbulent 1960’s

25.1 From the New Frontier to the Great society

25.2 Expanding movements for civil rights

25.3 Cold War confrontations: Asia, Latin America, and Europe

25.4 Beginning of Détente

25.5 The antiwar movement and the counterculture



26. Politics and Economics at the end of the twentieth century

26.1 The election of 1968 and the “Silent majority”

26.2 Nixon’s challenges: Vietnam, China, Watergate

26.3 Changes in the American economy: the energy crisis, deindustrialization, and the service economy

26.4 The new Right and the Reagan revolution

26.5 End of the Cold War



27. Society and culture at the end of the twentieth century

27.1 Demographic changes: surge of immigration after 1965, Sunbelt migration, and the graying of America

27.2 Revolutions in biotechnology, mass communication, and computers

27.3 Politics in a multicultural society



28. The United States in the Post- Cold War World

28.1 Globalization and the American economy

28.2 Unilateralism in foreign policy

28.3 Domestic and foreign terrorism



28.4 Environmental issues in a global context

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