Ap government Study Guide Unit One: Constitutional Underpinnings

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Connecticut Compromise – (Bicameralism) – Established two equal bodies (House of Representatives and Senate) one based on population, one giving all states equal representation. This was a compromise between big states (Virginia Plan) and small states (New Jersey Plan) over the format of the Congress

  • Federalists (Hamilton, Madison) supported the Constitution because it gave power to a strong central government. Anti-federalists opposed the constitution because they thought the national government would become tyrannical and take power away from the states

  • Federalist Papers – articles written by Madison, Hamilton, and Jay arguing for the constitution

    • Federalist Paper #10 – written by Madison, discusses importance of factions, factions are inevitable, but factions are best handled by a large republic.

    • Federalist Paper #51 – written by Madison, discusses importance of checks and balances and the separation of powers in the constitution

    Weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation

    How the Constitution Fixed these Problems

    Congress could not tax, it relied on contributions from states

    National government had power to tax directly

    Congress couldn’t regulate interstate trade

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