Connecticut Compromise – (Bicameralism) – Established two equal bodies (House of Representatives and Senate) one based on population, one giving all states equal representation. This was a compromise between big states (Virginia Plan) and small states (New Jersey Plan) over the format of the Congress
Federalists (Hamilton, Madison) supported the Constitution because it gave power to a strong central government. Anti-federalists opposed the constitution because they thought the national government would become tyrannical and take power away from the states
Federalist Papers – articles written by Madison, Hamilton, and Jay arguing for the constitution
Federalist Paper #10 – written by Madison, discusses importance of factions, factions are inevitable, but factions are best handled by a large republic.
Federalist Paper #51 – written by Madison, discusses importance of checks and balances and the separation of powers in the constitution